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Foucault Perspective - Essay Example

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The theory is based upon the conclusion that the external events are controlled and informed, the reasons being that this will affect the autonomy and competency. The extent of the control and its influence is based upon 'control behavior or inform of competence' (David, 2003)…
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Foucault Perspective
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Download file to see previous pages The theory has explained that the mental control is responsible for the 'override bodily control' (David, 2003), and the mental control is independent of the negative feedback, and is 'sensitive to environmental influences' (David, 2003). The cognitive evaluation theory has categorized motivation in three divisions i.e. a-motivation, extrinsic, and intrinsic. The theory has discussed the benefits of the intrinsic motivation, and has regarded persistence, creativity, high-quality learning and optimal functioning as the positive features affiliated with the intrinsic motivation. The theory has categorized the extrinsic motivation as external regulation, interjected regulation, identified regulation and integrated regulation. The external regulation has been regarded as 'non-self determined motivation' (David, 2003), which is employed for the attainment of reward, which is then responsible for the regulation of the motivation, however it lacks 'internalized willingness, which is then responsible for the poor functioning and poor outcome' (Michael, 2005).
Cognitive Evaluation Theory is regarded as the 'theoretical perspective that focuses on the realms of human perception, thought, and memory' (Russell, 2003). The science has evolved a concept of categorization; the learners/seekers have been categorized as active processors of information. The initiative undertaken by the learners for the purpose of enrichment of the information are within the scope of cognitive psychology, and are referred for the determination of the derived level of understanding. The cognitive psychology has been influenced, and significant progress is assured subject to the availability of the power and strong environment, which is primary requisite for the achievement of the cognitive movement oriented goals. The psychologists are of the opinion that the human behavior is under the influence of the consequences experienced on individual or collective level, and cognitive psychology is based upon the discussion of the behavior which is 'determined by its outcome' (Russell, 2003). With reference to the cognitive psychology, the learner is often regarded as the active processor, and is able to 'explore, discover, and construct knowledge' (Russell, 2003); such an aptitude to teach has been termed as the 'constructivist movement' of the relevant field. The deliverance of ideas, and communication of the thoughts from constructivist perspective is responsible for the 'knowledge formation and development of meta-cognitive processes for judging, organizing, and acquiring new information', whereas the transmission of information is subdue matter. Resultantly many researchers have adorned the discussed perspective, and have introduced the concept of schemata, 'which are mental frameworks for comprehension that function as scaffolding for organizing experience' (Russell, 2003). The theory has appreciated with practices of the social interactions for the purpose of knowledge construction. Similarly, the concept of proximal development has been also proposed which encouraged the mutual quest towards the attainment of objectives. The theory has explained the concept of Intrinsic Motivation, which has been regarded as 'internally generated', and its creation is not attributed to the external events, however the 'the external events can facilitate the already existing intrinsic motivation' (Michael, 2005). The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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