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ADHD medication in children - Essay Example

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder pertains to a pediatric psychiatric condition that is characterized by the loss of attention.It has been estimated that approximately 3 - 7% of children have been diagnosed to have ADHD in the United States …
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Download file to see previous pages Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder pertains to a pediatric psychiatric condition that is characterized by the loss of attention.It has been estimated that approximately 3 - 7% of children have been diagnosed to have ADHD in the United States These children also experience impulsivity, as well as hyperactivity, resulting in difficulty in controlling their actions in both home and school. One of the hallmark features of ADHD is the impairment of a child's cognitive, as well as psychosocial, capacity. These features are mainly due to the fact that these young individuals are unable to focus on their activities and an incapable of interacting with other individuals in their immediate environment. To date, there are a number of medical treatments that have been made available to patients who have been positively diagnosed with ADHD. Unfortunately, a spectrum of effects has been documented on the administration of ADHD medications among children. This report will describe the ADHD condition and enumerate the risks associated with the pharmacologic treatment of ADHD among young patients.Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is generally regarded as an impairment of the capacity of an individual to focus on a particular activity (Svanborg et al., 2009). The disorder is usually diagnosed at an early age, specifically during elementary schooling when the teacher finds difficulty of a student to pay attention to daily lessons in class. In addition, the student is also commonly observed to be unable to complete classroom tasks. The teacher often calls the attention of the parents and suggests that their child be subjected to an assessment for ADHD. Once the child is positively diagnosed with ADHD, the physician attending to the young patient provides a scenario of possible treatment plans that could possibly alleviate the symptoms of ADHD.
Diagnosis of ADHD is commonly performed using cognitive tests, such as the ADHD Rating Scale or the Clinical Global Impression tool. Both tests were designed to provide the physician with a list of symptoms that could be checked in the young patient. These questionnaires are then quantified and the specific threshold has been established, delineating which young patients are affected with ADHD. There are also other assessment tools that are employed by other psychologists and physicians, namely the Child Health Questionnaire, as well as the Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition. These tests have the capacity to evaluate the dimensions of the quality of life of the young patient and ultimately assess the degree of ADHD.
Once ADHD has been positively diagnosed, it is often suggested that the young patient be subjected to at least two treatment regimens. The first treatment plan involves the administration of ADHD medications that would alleviate the young patient's capacity to focus on his daily activities and interactions with other people. There are currently a number of pharmacologic formulations that are commercially available to ADHD patients. The second treatment regimen involves psychiatric counseling, involving both the young patient, as well as the members of the family. During counseling, the parents and other members of the family are educated on the proper methods of assisting the young patient during home and school activities. These lessons are designed to provide information on how to deal and to cope with the specific features that are associated with ADHD.

Pharmacologic treatment of ADHD
The most common medications that have been administered to children who have been positively diagnosed with ADHD include methylphenidae and dexamphetamine (Wigal et al., 2009). These formulations are classified as stimulatory drugs that would generally result in the increase in the attention and focus of an individual. Another medication ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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