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SelfEsteem SelfEfficacy - Essay Example

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Self-esteem has been a research issue for many educators for a long time. One cannot deny a fact that self-esteem level of an adult forms in childhood. Therefore it is extremely important to stimulate the development of a realistic perspective of oneself as early as possible…
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Download file to see previous pages What do we usually mean when we pronounce the word 'self-esteem' In the context of usual life normal level of person's self-esteem implies that a person has good feelings about himself or herself. That is, if given more explicitly, self-esteem deals with our ability to evaluate our potential in a realistic way, with out over- or understatements. However, when talking about young children self-esteem gets a more detailed meaning: "With young children, self-esteem refers to the extent to which they expect to be accepted and valued by the adults and peers who are important to them" (Katz 1995). That means children's self-esteem is hugely dependent on their parents and other adults that have close relationship with a child. As the kid grows, opinion of his friends and equals in age becomes more and more important to him or her; nevertheless adults continue to influence greatly on kid's level of self-esteem.
Why is it crucial to improve self-esteem for successful living Low level of self-esteem means for a child that he/she is not accepted with those who are important to her/him. Additionally to important people in child's life it was found by Brookover (1965) that there is a strong link between self-esteem concept and academic achievements. Normally it causes a lot of pain; that is why low self-esteem is often perceived as the underlying reason of many social problems.
The research held by Reasoner (2004) shows that the condition of youth has significantly deteriorated during recent years in the US. One-fifth of all 8th graders are considered to be at high risk of school failure. Approximately 30% of youth drop out and fail to complete high school. The teen suicide rate has doubled since 1968. Ten percent of adolescent boys and 18 percent of girls have attempted suicide and approximately 30% contemplated it. In 1985, some 5,399 young people between ages 5 and 24 took their own lives in suicide. All those indicators are related to low-level of self-esteem, which has become a disaster for contemporary schools.
The same research (Reasoner 2004) has given more evidences that most schools are not conducive to self-esteem since the level of self-esteem declines for most students the longer they are in school. Although self-esteem is mainly considered to be the result rather than the cause of academic achievements (Holly 1987), researchers admit that a certain level of self-esteem is required in order for a student to achieve academic success and that self-esteem and achievement go hand in hand.
For this reasons many schools have adopted educational programs enhancing the children's level of self-esteem. Teachers of those schools help children to build healthy relationships with their peers treat them with respect and give them a realistic feedback. It is a cornerstone of self-esteem programs that praising child's talents and emphasizing constant successes and triumphs is less useful than helping them to cope with his/her defeats in fostering the normal level of self-esteem. "Engaging children in valuable and challenging tasks allows both children and teachers to work together, increasing a child's overall self-esteem" (Donley and Keen 2000). Thus self-esteem programs focus on cooperative joint work of teachers and students during the educational activities rather than simply 'giving knowledge' to children.
What practical means of increasing self-esteem are used within those schools All of them ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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