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Health Psychology - Essay Example

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Health Psychology Clinical Problem- HIV: It is an undeniable reality that people living with HIV Aids suffer from a variety of drastic psychological problems which is why supporting them in the most appropriate manner possible is mandatory. Psychological support for these people is minimal even in the present modern times with many sentenced to lifetime imprisonment in small cells by their own family members especially in the developing world where even discussing these highly stigmatized issues is considered taboo…
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"Health Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages Basically, this essay aims at contemplating what contemporary literature has to say on this subject in order to analyze the depth of this health problem in the present times. The essay also includes a brief program design for HIV individuals to highlight what goals and interventions could be adopted to rehabilitate such patients. According to a study published by scholars at University of North Carolina (cited in Health & Medicine, 2008), some of the major psychological issues affecting HIV patients are mind benumbing stress, depression, anxiety, and trauma. These health problems badly plague a person infected with HIV/AIDS to the extent that he/she is ousted from all normal social activities after sometime. These people do not connect with friends and family the way they used to before being diagnosed with the disease which makes them drastically restless and suicidal. The study indicates that these are also the psychological issues which have been consistently neglected in biomedical and treatment research in the past. However, their importance in the present times is a far cry from the past as now they are considered to hold immense potential to affect health of HIV individuals and control of the disease. In a detailed study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, the scientists at NCU explain how different measures should be taken to improve HIV patients’ outcomes and keep them from falling prey to psychological illnesses which come along with a disease like AIDS. It is claimed that not all health professionals responsible for looking after HIV patients fully acknowledge different psychosocial influences which affect them. Regarding the intricate nature of those influences, there is a large body of knowledge and most health care professionals have other things on their agendas than to look into myriad needs of these highly special patients. Undeniably, every patient is special but what makes HIV patients stand out is that the disease infecting them is highly stigmatized and if not appropriate measures are taken in time to rehabilitate them, the chances of depression and suicidal notions readily shoot up. The primary psychological problems affecting HIV patients mentioned already should not be taken lightly as with increasing rate of HIV, depression, stress, and traumatic events are also occurring in “epidemic proportions in HIV-infected persons” (Leserman, cited in Health & Medicine, 2008). This study serves as a guide to all health care professionals encouraging them to incorporate treatment of psychological issues in standard HIV care for better results and stable society. The study by UNC scientists further indicates that the psychosocial issues of trauma, anxiety, and depression do not have short term effects on HIV patients. In contrast, they have consistent and lifelong effects playing a role in rapidly advancing the disease. In healthy individuals, the virus takes a couple of years and in some patients many years before symptoms start to occur as the immune system degenerates. But when the virus has established itself in the body, grave psychosocial issues work to drive the disease rapidly as a result of which the immune system dies a premature death. It is also claimed by Chavis (2010) that a great number of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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