Nobody downloaded yet

Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research? University: Course: Tutor: Date: Is It Always Necessary To Take Into Account Cultural Differences In Psychology Research? Introduction Cross cultural psychology is a branch in psychology that endeavors to evaluate the boundaries of knowledge concerning human behavior by contrasting it with two or more cultures…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie"

Download file to see previous pages Cross-cultural psychology views culture as an antecedent variable that falls outside of an individual. Cultural psychology views culture as inside a person as a means of knowing and construing the world and other people. In this context, culture is defined as the shared awareness and meaning that is drawn from interaction and communication processes. Indigenous psychology perceives culture as subjectively created systems of meaning but goes an extra mile by capturing informal folk theories of psychological operation formalizing them into psychological hypotheses. Cross cultural psychology also refers to the scientific study of human conduct and its transmission, incorporating the ways in which behaviors are influenced and shaped by cultural and social forces. Berry (2000, p, 198) assert that the objectives of cross cultural psychology are to carry current theories and conclusions with regards to human conduct to other cultural contexts in order to assess their legitimacy, and to discover new cultural systems to ascertain psychological experiences not available in the first culture. It also entails generating a more pan-human psychology that would be valid for every person, as well as to assimilate psychosomatic awareness obtained from these two activities. Critical evaluation Conventional cross cultural studies centered on perception, cognition and language. In the contemporary world, cross cultural researchers are presented with challenges on how to carry out research in an ethical way. The reason is that there are specific challenges to be addressed. Some of them include the values and worldviews, informed consent, field entry, research design, definitions, data ownership, role definitions, confidentiality and representation and result dissemination. Batten & Marshall (2003, p 140) assert that there are numerous and intricate contextual and cultural differences among researchers, participants and between researchers and participants. With regards to all properly structured and internally reliable research, aspects associated with design are essential and have to be taken into account before contact is initiated with human participants and data are gathered. Among the critical issues and ethical predicaments facing cross cultural researchers is the possibility for their findings to be utilized to vindicate potent typecasts concerning cultural groups. In terms of ethical dilemma facing researchers, Matsumoto & Jones, (2008, p 324) note that testing differs from vindication when testing the validity of stereotypes. Testing entails the researcher’s conscious knowledge of labels and their endeavors to test their soundness and limits, which would also inform researchers of the need to be conscious of their likely influence on the process of research. Vindication, on the other hand, refers to the researcher’s unawareness of such stereotypes, and, therefore, their probable ignorance on how these labels might affect their choices about research unconsciously. Therefore, it is incumbent upon investigators to comprehend how this may be the case, and utilize research designs that may lessen this possibility. Evidence in favor and against Matsumoto (nd, para 2) notes that cross cultural research has unearthed numerous psychological processes that seem to be common. These are such as language ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in Essay”, n.d.)
Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1470062-is-it-always-necessary-to-take-into-account
(Is It Always Necessary to Take into Account Cultural Differences in Essay)
Is It Always Necessary to Take into Account Cultural Differences in Essay. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1470062-is-it-always-necessary-to-take-into-account.
“Is It Always Necessary to Take into Account Cultural Differences in Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1470062-is-it-always-necessary-to-take-into-account.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie

Business and cultural differences

...?Business and cultural differences between UK and China Table of Contents Introduction 3 2 Cultural differences between United Kingdom and China 3 2.1 Power Distance Index 4 2.2 Individualism 4 2.3 Masculinity 5 2.4 Uncertainty Avoidance 6 3 Issues which might arise as a consequence of cultural differences for the managers of Marketing and Human Resources department 7 4 Recommendations on how to successfully deal with any potential issues 10 5 Reference: 11 6 Bibliography: 11 1 Introduction Culture may be defined as the behaviours and beliefs of the people which are passed from one generation to the next...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Cultural Differences

...Cultural Differences It is always an important aspect of the business undertakings to comprehend how cultural, ethnic and gender differences are managed by the business managers. What this means is the fact that the business managers need to take note of the fact that their subordinates might have varied propositions to offer and that they will have to comply with each and every one of the same (Tatli, 2006). These differences stem from the fact that people are inherently distinctive and thus offer a host of ways and means through which their mixture brings a collective wisdom for the sake of the organization in the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cultural Differences in Business

...? Article Review Connie Johnson October 3, of Phoenix Cultural differences exist among the 210 countries in the world. The culture ofeach country affects how the people visualize ethical decisions. Countries that have developed economies tend to have a higher ethical standard than emerging economies. In the article A Study of Differences in Business Ethical Values in Mainland China, the U.S, and Jamaica the business decisions of managers in these three countries were compared (Fok & Hartman & Kwong, 2005). Ethics plays a major role in the managerial decisions concerning financial, environmental, and ethical matters. It is important to consider that the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cultural Psychology

...Cultural Psychology Culture is a very complex matter to deal with. It encompasses almost every major human activity whether it falls under the political, economic or social sphere. However, what is really culture? Culture consists of values, norms, traditions, customs and knowledge that are oftentimes influenced by the political, social, economic and spiritual conditions at some extent. However, there is an inevitable fact that it is the humans who have the innate capacity to determine, construct and implement culture. This fact must be assessed thoroughly because it cannot be neglected and disregarded that the thinking capacity of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Cultural Differences in Menopause

...Cultural Differences in Menopause Introduction Different cultures present varying views on menopause. This research seeks to reveal how the western culture, and that of Asia view menopause, and particularly with the respect to the culture of Japan. Menopause refers to the permanent stoppage of the basic function of the femalesovaries which includes the maturation and release of ova and the release of hormones which induces the development of uterine lining and the eventual disintergration of uterine lining (commonly referred to as menses). Menopause is a condition which normally...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Cultural Differences

...Cultural Differences Abstract This study sets out to explore cultural differences, what they mean, and their implications. The paper will discuss two multicultural concepts, analyze them, and examine the significance they have in the understanding of cultural differences prevalent in the society. More specifically, the two multicultural concepts that the study will focus on are ethnic identity and cultural identity. The study will seek to explore the meaning of each of the two concepts and the influence they have in understanding of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

International Business - Cultural Differences

...variations. Differences between national culture function as an obstacle to various aspects of international business management, including HRM and marketing. With specific reference to HRM and marketing, this essay will examine the potential problems which a UK owned hotel, operating in China and Russia, among numerous other countries, may confront. 2 The Culture Construct In order to understand the challenges which the UK-owned hotel may confront in the management of its operations in China and Russia, it is important to begin with a clarification of the implications of the culture construct. The reason is that since...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Individual Differences (psychology)

...prediction, and life-span development” (Boulding, 1998). Thus, the scope and application of differential psychology is quite broad indeed. As further advancements happen in differential psychology, more fields of specialization sprung up. At this juncture, the study of individual differences is unlikely to be seen as a “cohesive body of knowledge”. In recent years, researchers have contained their analysis of individual differences to “specific classes of attributes: e.g. either human abilities, interests, personality, or their biological and environmental antecedents” (Stanovich, 2009). And by clubbing together...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cultural Differences

...Cultural differences between United s and Philippines In many ways, United s and Philippines are alike the latter having been colony of the US and became westernized in the process. There are still however some fundamental differences between the value system of these two countries which can be gleaned from power distance, individuality and long-term index . I. Individuality  Unlike United States which is a highly individualistic society, Philippines is a collectivist society with a score of 32. It is a closed knit society where there is a strong emphasis on extended relationships and loyalty. This translates to workplace where hiring and promotion are still done via kinship or...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cultural differences

...Cultural Differences Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Cultured and Lived Experiences 4 2.Working with the Spanish and Japanese 6 4.Teams and Cultural Differences 9 5.Historical Perspectives - The Example of Britain 10 6.Leadership & Management Development 11 Conclusion 13 References 14 Introduction I believe that culture and its related factors are quite important in the current business and social context. Literally speaking, culture in a society encompasses various facets like values, beliefs, behaviours and norms. Accordingly, it can be argued that understanding...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie for FREE!

Contact Us