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Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research Argue with reference to specific studie - Essay Example

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Is it always necessary to take into account cultural differences in psychology research? University: Course: Tutor: Date: Is It Always Necessary To Take Into Account Cultural Differences In Psychology Research? Introduction Cross cultural psychology is a branch in psychology that endeavors to evaluate the boundaries of knowledge concerning human behavior by contrasting it with two or more cultures…
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Download file to see previous pages Cross-cultural psychology views culture as an antecedent variable that falls outside of an individual. Cultural psychology views culture as inside a person as a means of knowing and construing the world and other people. In this context, culture is defined as the shared awareness and meaning that is drawn from interaction and communication processes. Indigenous psychology perceives culture as subjectively created systems of meaning but goes an extra mile by capturing informal folk theories of psychological operation formalizing them into psychological hypotheses. Cross cultural psychology also refers to the scientific study of human conduct and its transmission, incorporating the ways in which behaviors are influenced and shaped by cultural and social forces. Berry (2000, p, 198) assert that the objectives of cross cultural psychology are to carry current theories and conclusions with regards to human conduct to other cultural contexts in order to assess their legitimacy, and to discover new cultural systems to ascertain psychological experiences not available in the first culture. It also entails generating a more pan-human psychology that would be valid for every person, as well as to assimilate psychosomatic awareness obtained from these two activities. Critical evaluation Conventional cross cultural studies centered on perception, cognition and language. In the contemporary world, cross cultural researchers are presented with challenges on how to carry out research in an ethical way. The reason is that there are specific challenges to be addressed. Some of them include the values and worldviews, informed consent, field entry, research design, definitions, data ownership, role definitions, confidentiality and representation and result dissemination. Batten & Marshall (2003, p 140) assert that there are numerous and intricate contextual and cultural differences among researchers, participants and between researchers and participants. With regards to all properly structured and internally reliable research, aspects associated with design are essential and have to be taken into account before contact is initiated with human participants and data are gathered. Among the critical issues and ethical predicaments facing cross cultural researchers is the possibility for their findings to be utilized to vindicate potent typecasts concerning cultural groups. In terms of ethical dilemma facing researchers, Matsumoto & Jones, (2008, p 324) note that testing differs from vindication when testing the validity of stereotypes. Testing entails the researcher’s conscious knowledge of labels and their endeavors to test their soundness and limits, which would also inform researchers of the need to be conscious of their likely influence on the process of research. Vindication, on the other hand, refers to the researcher’s unawareness of such stereotypes, and, therefore, their probable ignorance on how these labels might affect their choices about research unconsciously. Therefore, it is incumbent upon investigators to comprehend how this may be the case, and utilize research designs that may lessen this possibility. Evidence in favor and against Matsumoto (nd, para 2) notes that cross cultural research has unearthed numerous psychological processes that seem to be common. These are such as language ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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