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VIRTUAL REALITY DRIVING SIMULATOR TO EXPLORE DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE EFFECT ON GENDER AND DRIVING PERFORMANCE - Literature review Example

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This literature review critically some of the publications regarding the effects of driving skills and gender driving styles on the performance of drivers as well as how such skills and gender driving styles can be explored using virtual driving simulator…
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VIRTUAL REALITY DRIVING SIMULATOR TO EXPLORE DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE EFFECT ON GENDER AND DRIVING PERFORMANCE
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"VIRTUAL REALITY DRIVING SIMULATOR TO EXPLORE DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE EFFECT ON GENDER AND DRIVING PERFORMANCE"

Download file to see previous pages Driving style and driving skills are the two main components of human factors associated with driving. Driving style is the way in which a particular driver usually drives and this may include the speed, observation of rules, traffic violations, general attentiveness as well as attitudes to the other road users. Driving styles are not only influenced by experience of the drivers but also by their own values and personality factors such ass hostility and aggression. On the gender differences in driving styles; men usually report violent and more risky driving style compared to women. Women are of a higher propensity for an anxious driving style than men. More surprisingly no man and woman have careful driving styles. It is assumed that the more exposure a driver gets as a result of being used to driving automobiles the better the performance expected of them. In other critical terms means that the more exposed are likely less to be involved in or cause an accident. However, this is not usually the case as results portrayed by this study are of the contrary. The other fundamental research question is if gender undoubtedly affects the driving styles and patterns of drivers. There is a general perception that male drivers are better that their female counterparts as far as road usage and accidents are concerned. According to Krahe, there are a number of gender based differences in the driving styles and this is particularly attributed to a mix of psychological, biological and social factors. For example, it is widely believed that male drivers usually drive more aggressively, speed more and take more risks compared to their female counterparts....
However, this is not usually the case as results portrayed by this study are of the contrary. The other fundamental research question is if gender undoubtedly affects the driving styles and patterns of drivers. There is a general perception that male drivers are better that their female counterparts as far as road usage and accidents are concerned (Landy et al, 2010). This paper is, therefore, going to look into detail the above research questions in regards to a study aided by a virtual reality driving simulator. According to Krahe (2005), there are a number of gender based differences in the driving styles and this is particularly attributed to a mix of psychological, biological and social factors. For example, it is widely believed that male drivers usually drive more aggressively, speed more and take more risks compared to their female counterparts. On the other hand, women drivers have been reported to be generally less aggressive during driving and have less driving stress compared to men. Gender based personality and behavior has always been well cited as one of the major causes of the differences in the performance and driving styles between women drivers and their male counterparts (Bartley, 2008). This is particularly attributed to the fact that the higher levels of testosterone found in men enhances their sensation seeking, risk taking and aggressive behaviors compared to female drivers. Additionally Tornos (1998) also concur that there is a variation in the number of accidents between women and men drivers and females have comparatively lower number of accident. It is however worth noting that driving skills and differences in driving styles may also be affected by a number of other factors such as the age of the drivers, driving ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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