This essay talks about Bowenian theory which is one of those theories of human behavior, which sees family as an emotional unit, tied with emotional connections. Bowen believed that the variables of “togetherness” and “individuality” are instrumental in defining the overall structure of the family…
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Consciously or subconsciously, members of a family have profound effect on each other (Gehart, 2009; Papero, 1990). Bowen believed that the variables of “togetherness” and “individuality” are instrumental in defining the overall structure of the family. Togetherness refers to the degree of cohesiveness in the family and in the presence of high degree of cohesiveness; it is highly likely that the family will present a picture of a nuclear family (Gladding, 2002). Individuality is the flip side of togetherness and in presence of higher level of individuality, the family structure may break loose and worse, family members may part their own ways (Skyttner, 2005). Bowenian theory is spread over eight interlocking concepts, which formulate the most part of Bowenian arguments and research. First, is “differentiation of self” (Papero, 1990), which refers to the ability of differentiating one’s thoughts, feelings and ideas from that of the family. The more refined concept of “self” a person has, the less likely is that he or she would depend on his or her family for acceptance and approval (Patterson & Edwards, 2009; Papero, 1990). These people are able to differentiate between their feelings and thoughts and when required, they would be able to put their feelings aside and would come up with rational arguments for solving problems (Gehart, 2009). However, people who a poorly differentiated “self” become the victims of “group think” and they are always putting their effort to conform to their family norms, rules and thought patterns. They rely heavily on the acceptance and approval of other family members and quickly adjust to the changing group opinions (Winek, 2009; Gladding, 2002). Second, rather than focusing on the dyad...
This report stresses that Bowen asserted that sibling positions also pay an important role in defining the overall family structure. Elder siblings are viewed as more responsible, disciplined, and mature; however, the youngest in the family would be seen as careless, undisciplined, and irresponsible. This goes on to impact people’s lives and careers because eldest ones make good leaders, in charges and bosses and youngest ones may go on to be good followers.
This paper makes a conclusion that there are some striking differences between Bowenian approach to family theory and other approaches. Quite understandably, these differences also form the basis of the mild criticism that Bowen has received from his critics and other researchers. For example, the cognitive behavioral family therapy focuses too much on the operant conditioning principles and tends to avoid the genetic and communicational issues that arise in the family. Collaborative language systems therapy avoids most of the points and claims of the Bowenian approach, believes that most of the problems can be solved with speaking out about the problems, and issues. This allows the family members to explore their subconscious problems and feel easy about it. The Feminist Family Therapy takes up the principle of differentiation from the Bowenian but focuses most of its efforts on filling up the gaps of cultural, religious and class differences between the spouses to solve their problems.
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These specific theoretical perspectives, while encompassing system elements, are expansive in their investigation of family concerns. Bertalanffy’s theories are considered in terms of the spectrum of general system elements. Bronfenbrenner’s notion of family systems theory is examined as it encompasses a structural component through his ecological model.
To sum up, a synthesis of psychoanalytic therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy serves the interests of patients by providing them with the autonomy that they require in the process of resolving the intrapersonal conflict. Methodologically, it is essential to facilitate a discussion with a patient, rather than investigation and imposing psychological principles like a physical doctor.
Family Counseling Name University Professor Family and Consumer Science Date Family Counseling I. Conflict within the Family Conflicts within the family and among the members can be considered as a normal challenge and experience. There are conflicts though that can be considered damaging or destructive to the overall family functioning.
According to Barnhill (as cited in Wilcoxon, 1985) the eight dimensions of a healthy family are, individuation, mutuality, flexibility, stability, clear perceptions, clear communications, role reciprocity, and distinct generational boundaries (p.496).
ad been that they failed “to see relationships in their context”, that is, in the context of power relations involved, that too in connection with gender, culture, race, spirituality etc. (Lyness, Haddock and Zimmerman, p.409-410). As the family therapy theories do not
Another aspect that tells that it is a blending couple is that Paul is also divorced and is emotionally attached to his step daughter who is the biological daughter of his former wife because he had raised that child right from her birth.
The structures are defined by the roles and responsibilities that different family members perform. The inherent interconnectedness implies that the family unit is interrelated and the internal relations affect the functioning of external relations and vice versa. Families
It has been clearly stated in the AAMFT Code of Ethics that the “disclosure of information received from clients during couples counseling” before court or anywhere outside is not allowed even if only one of the clients disagree with disclosing that information (Lane, 2006, p.77).
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