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However, for a relationship to achieve intimacy, the partners need to be open and authentic with their behavior and thinking (Feltham, 1999, P.187). As intimacy comes from sharing the deepest and most personal feelings and thoughts, Berne (1964) says that it is a desirable state not only in personal relationships but also in counselling (Feltham, 1999, P.187). As intimacy in relationship is based on trust, openness and authenticity, it makes a relationship fulfilling by bringing partners close without practicing any barrier. Because of this nature of intimacy, it may be said that a relationship is successful only when it is able to achieve intimacy (Feltham, 1999, P.187). According to Solomon(1989), many clients seek counselling and therapy so that they can make their life better by making their relationships more fulfilling (Feltham, 1999, P.187). The importance of intimacy is not only limited to personal relationships but also in a therapeutic relationship (Feltham, 1999, P.187). Intimacy between a therapist and the client is important as it helps in encouraging the client to open up, be receptive for therapy and develop the most important aspect in therapeutic relationship which is ‘trust’. These qualities of intimacy has made intimacy the fundamental prerequisite of humanistic counseling and in fact, achievement of intimacy in therapeutic relationship is considered one of the important goals of that relationship (Feltham, 1999, P.187). In humanistic counseling, intimacy is considered as a positive concept as it makes the counselling successful (Feltham, 1999, P.188).
However, a client can develop intimacy in therapeutic relationship only when there is positive encouragement and support from the counsellor. A
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In short, such an understanding should not lead the reader to assume that psychological therapy of one variety or another is inherently flawed or less beneficial to the patient than another type; rather, it only helps to underscore the fact that different approaches are utilized different situations and based on different theoretical interpretations of relevant and existing understanding.
Ethnicity and race.
Given the aforementioned realm, understanding the crux of counseling shall be made simple. It is an illusion if it is only considered in terms of a therapists' room, much on the footsteps of Freud wherein the client would rest on a sofa and the counselor would offer advice.
This paper contains five sections, the introduction, my philosophical assumptions, the counselling experience, reflections and the closing. I will incorporate my personal views and discuss how my theory relates to the four elements of a good theory.
Mobley and Gazda (2006) reported that there are 13 dominant counselling approaches, found in seven different textbooks, from five different publishers.
Initially, Rogers, through sound recordings, looked for the crucial turn in the client change or information. These observations helped him eventually to realise that the counsellor should be guided by the patient, and not the other way around. He changed the counsellor's role from an advisor to that of a listener.
Each type of therapy has its own history and development, but the following account portrays a general history of cognitive and behavioural therapy. First and foremost, the first therapeutic approach to CBT was
The author states that the idea of testing is among the key contributions that psychology has made to the society and tests that are developed cautiously act as a source of valuable information for making decisions in educational, clinical and a variety of other settings. Tests are broadly applied in educational settings.
Counselling focuses primarily on highlighting the emotional experiences that affect the client, how the situation in question affects their feelings and what their thoughts are concerning the situation.