Download file to see previous pages...
Unlike normal family development, in which families learn to differentiate parts of them when interacting on an emotional level and set healthy boundaries, enmeshed families become overly involved with each other, increasing the chances of anxiety and conflict. Lack of differentiation occurs due to the inability to separate their emotions from their reactions. What they feel and how they react to those feelings are governed by the interactions between themselves and others.
Bowen attributed this differentiation of self to family of origin. His philosophy was emotional attachment either created a positive or negative reaction, depending on how the family interacted with each other. An anxiety-provoking situation could cause withdrawal and distancing or, family members could deal with the conflict reasonably. The more stable families’ interactions were towards each other, the less likely individuals would carry these unresolved conflicts into another relationship.
In essence, families’ interdependence relies heavily on the daily changes that occur. In families that experience a high level of conflict, there is often one family member that becomes vulnerable to the effects of the conflict. This results in anxiety, depression, alcoholism, drug abuse and other clinical problems. These problems manifested themselves in other relationships, often creating the same tension and conflict.
Murray Bowen developed eight interlocking concepts involving systems theory and that emotions were in part, the key that affects families as a unit. Not only did he base his studies on the family, but applied the systems theory perspective to both work and social systems
The key to the Bowen therapy basically lies within the emotions and the activities governed by these emotions that may have taken many years to develop. Bowen has emphasized the significance of having a deep insight into the contribution made by different generations in the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Regardless of how the issues are developed, the nature of a family is that it is an interactive unit that is impacted as a whole by the issues that are developed within one of the individuals within the group. In approaching the needs of a family, a therapist must understand that they dynamic is developed in such a way as to be interdependent.
Dr. Murray Bowen was a medical doctor from a large family in Tennessee. This paper is an attempt to take briefly a glance at the Bowenian approach of family therapy, its dynamics, variables, tools, approaches and others. Lastly, the paper would very briefly compare and contrast with other theories and approaches.
These specific theoretical perspectives, while encompassing system elements, are expansive in their investigation of family concerns. Bertalanffy’s theories are considered in terms of the spectrum of general system elements. Bronfenbrenner’s notion of family systems theory is examined as it encompasses a structural component through his ecological model.
According to Carr (2012), therapy counselors acknowledge that family units defers from one household to another. The difference arises from factors like social and cultural backgrounds of household couples. Social background plays an influential role in determining individual’s values and convictions.
As such, certain aspects of therapy can be affected since aside from focusing on the people involved in the sessions itself, it is necessary that their individual needs and issues be addressed on the context of both their intra- and interpersonal relationships as a whole (Fingerman & Bermann, 2000).
As Whitaker argued, healthy families are those where the roles are exchanged in what he called role playing. Experiential family therapy has established that the foundation for the healing process from any hardship or problem is experience. From the experience, therapists are able to give solutions to the problems that the families are going through.
Family therapy evolved out of the psychoanalytic theories, which had dominated the psychological science in the beginning of 20th century, and the medical forms of psychiatric treatment. Development of FST is associated with the increasingly broad views on the patient's needs instead of focusing on individual symptoms and behaviors as traditional psychoanalysis embodied by Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers postulated (Nichols & Schwartz, 1998).
The family centered therapy puts emphasis of family relationships to be an imperative factor when it comes to psychological health. Characterizing of a particular family member to be identified as the bad child