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Subjective well-being - Essay Example

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Subjective Well-being Subjective Well-being “Wellbeing: ‘living and faring well’, ‘flourishing’, ‘bound up with ideas about what constitutes human happiness and the sort of life it is good to lead” (Gough, 2005, p.1).Well-being cannot be defined accurately because of the various parameters associated with it…
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Download file to see previous pages However, it is an ambiguous concept, lacking a universally acceptable definition and often faced with competing interpretations” (Conceicao & Bandura, n. d, p.1) Research on well-being can be thought of as falling into two traditions; the hedonistic tradition which focuses on happiness, generally defined as the presence of positive affect and the absence of negative affect and the eudaimonic tradition which focuses on living life in a full and deeply satisfying way (Desi & Ryan, 2008, p.1) Subjective well-being or SWB is a term which falls under the category of hedonistic tradition. It evolved in psychology during the latter part of the twentieth century. Until the evolution of SWB, psychologists were more interested in learning more about the negative emotional states such as depression and anxiety since anxiety and depressions were causing problems to the mental health. However they realized that it is absolutely necessary to learn more about the factors which makes a person happier, in order to learn more about the causes of negative emotions. The above realizations led them to investigate more about happiness and well-being. According to Van Hoorn (2007), “SWB is a broad category of phenomena that includes people’s emotional responses, domain satisfactions, and global judgments of life satisfaction” (Van Hoorn, 2007, p.2). ...
In short happiness or wellbeing is highly subjective. This paper analyses various characteristics of subjective well-being. Meaning of subjective well-being Subjective well-being, as defined by Ed Diener, covers “a broad category of phenomena that includes people’s emotional responses, domain satisfactions, and global judgments of life satisfaction. Subjective well-being consists of two distinctive components: an affective part (evaluation guided by emotions and feeling), which refers to both the presence of positive affect (PA) and the absence of negative affect (NA), and a cognitive part (information-based appraisal of one’s life, evaluated using expectations and “ideal life” as benchmark) (Subjective well-being definition: defining happiness and subjective well-being, 2010) “People can evaluate their lives in terms of a global judgment, in terms of evaluating the domains of their lives or in terms of their ongoing emotional feelings about what is happening to them” (Diener, 2000). For example, satisfaction, marriage, feeling of fulfillment and pleasant emotions etc can generate positive energies in the minds of people whereas failures in achieving intended results in life can generate negative energies in the minds of people. It is often said that life is just like waves in ocean. Waxing and waning are the characteristics of waves. In other words human life is filled with positive and negative affects. Ideal life is an imaginary concept and nobody has yet claimed that they are leading an ideal life. Life can be neutral, happier or miserable based on the experiences faced by a person. A person who faces equal number of good and bad experiences in life can be considered as a neutral person. A person’s life becomes ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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