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Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology: The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura by John Grusec - Research Paper Example

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This research is being carried out to evaluate and present Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology in the article “The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura” by John Grusec. The article is purely an analysis of two models of learning and development…
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Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology: The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura by John Grusec
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"Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology: The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura by John Grusec"

Download file to see previous pages This paper illustrates that both Robert Sears and Albert Bandura had very different opinions regarding social development psychology. Sears relied mostly on psychoanalytic theories to develop his own while Bandura was greatly influenced by operant theories. Grusec points out that Bandura’s explanations of social learning and development lean more towards information processing concepts than Sears’models do. He argues that Sears’ has limited direct impact on modern developmental conceptualizations. He also adds that Bandura’s influence has waned over the years. Although he concedes that there are differences in the two psychologists’ viewpoints, Grusec also admits that their contribution to social learning theories is very important. As a conclusion, Grusec indicates that understanding social learning theories by Bandura and Sears is useful for comprehending what he terms as complex human functioning. This article can be useful in the field of social psychology today as it can be used by counselors who work with children, adolescents and adults. Social counselors work with a wide range of people who have different psychological needs. For instance, Bandura’s theory is concerned with how people develop behaviors by observing what other people around them behave. Understanding these theories is crucial as they act as a guide on how the counselors should handle their clients. Understanding these theories, especially Bandura’s and Sears’ social learning theories. Social learning theories also enable counselors to account for any external or even internal factors that may influence the behavior of people. The theories also help councellors to hypothesize about the behaviors of different types of clients and how their future behaviors may be affected by the present situation. Social learning theories offer explanations for individual learning processes and how these processes may or may not affect future decision making (Ewen, 1980). 2. A Social Learning Teory and Moral Disengagement Analysis of Criminal Computer Behavior: An Exploratory Study by Marcus K. Rogers. This article, which was published in 2001, is 148 pages long. The study presents three hypotheses: “individuals who had engaged in criminal computer activity would have higher levels of differential association and differential reinforcement than the individual who had no criminal activity”, “individuals who had engaged in criminal computer activity would have higher rates of moral disengagement than individuals who had no criminal activity”, and “the combination of the three variables would better predict illicit computer behavior than any one variable alone” (127). The research involved two phases. In the first phase of the research the method used included collecting data from 132 convicted and general criminals. For the second phase the researcher collected information from 36 general criminals and 112 internet participants. Computer Crime Index and Social Learning and Paulus Deception Scales questionnaires were used as research instruments. The results supported the first two variables but did not support the last one (Rogers, 2001). The purpose of the study was to highlight the psychology of criminal computer behavior in society. The results of the study show that deviant behavior dependents more on differential association. Counselors can use this research to help them understand the behaviors of criminals and what drives them to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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