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Disaster relief - Essay Example

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Disaster Relief (#538024) Introduction With the population of the world increasing at a steady pace it is but inevitable that man would inhabit places that were otherwise considered to be unsafe. Also, the current degree of climatic change has had many adverse effects in the ecological balance of nature leading to serious natural calamities…
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Download file to see previous pages The high population density means that a large amount of life would be affected due to any calamity. (Cuny FC, 1983) Source: Klugman Jeni, 1999, Physical impairment of war Complex Humanitarian Disaster Disasters affecting humans can be classified as originated due to natural calamities and one that is caused by complex humanitarian emergencies. (Burke Frederick, 2006) The responses to both these situations are different and differ in the duration of the disaster and the interaction with other members of the society. The differences of both these disasters can be elaborated through the following salient points 1. Disaster response- Endogenous and exogenous The three main areas of discussion cover the response mechanism, compensatory response and anticipatory response. Natural disasters are followed by a short term knee jerk response when the aim is to mitigate the immediate concerns of the people involved including food and shelter. (Disaster Relief Operations, 2008) The long term response involves a rehabilitating process which takes place over a course of time. The complex emergency response on the other hand takes place when there is an armed resistance taking over the people. (Disaster Relief Operations, 2008) In such cases the interaction or help from the society is minimal as men resort to food hoarding leading to rise in prices and people taking up armed resistance to consolidate their positions through the use of force. Relief also extends to people engaged in wars having to leave behind or sell their land at very low prices during migration. (Albala Bertrand, 2000) The available resources during complex humanitarian disasters do not reach the hungry and disease is a widespread phenomenon during such emergencies. On the other disasters due to natural calamities like the Tsunami have people pouring in a lot of funds which need to be managed very carefully by the local government. A proper disaster plan should therefore enable the action team to formulate a date for completion. (Disaster Relief Operations, 2008) Complex emergencies on the other hand do not have a specific time limit to be over since it depends mainly on addressing the root cause of the revolt. The longer it takes to discuss and find a political solution to the problem the greater delay it takes to manage the disaster.( Cochrane HC, 1975) Complex Humanitarian Emergencies (CHE) is primarily caused due to inequalities existing in society and one group trying to assert its influence. The degradation of the economic condition in a society also leads to people getting restless leading to conflicts. (Klugman Jeni, 1999) Source: Disaster Relief Operations, 2008 2. Emergency response and Restitutive response- The emergency response to both the natural and complex disasters are different. For a natural disaster, the rehabilitation activities are usually carried out at the site of the calamity. Make shifts tents erected seek to provide temporary shelter and food to the victims. Complex emergencies on the other hand have their relief areas located quite far from the actual region of strife. It is hoped that the exodus of refugees that takes place due to war would find a safe place here and after the war is over; would return to their homes. (Burke Frederick, 2006) Restitutive responses are also different in the sense that a great deal of funding from local and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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