Nobody downloaded yet

The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality Name of the customer Name of the Institution December 23, 2012 The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality Introduction The relationships among birth order, family size, Intelligence Quotient and personality have attracted the attention of researchers, scholars and psychologists for decades…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality"

Download file to see previous pages Similarly, the relationship between personality and birth order has assumed new dimensions with Alfred Adler’s postulation that each birth position has its own personality traits. In the same way, previous literature has clearly shown the potential power of family size to influence the personality as well as the IQ of children. This paper seeks to unearth the relationship between birth order and IQ, birth order and personality, family size and IQ, and family size and personality; in doing so the paper also deals with the major counter arguments for each of these relationships. Relationship between IQ and birth order Black, Devereux and Salvanes (2011) conducted some remarkable studies on the effects of birth order on IQ; they identified a strong and significant effect of birth order on IQ as earlier born children develop more of IQs than the younger ones. However, the authors identified that no genetic component could be associated with birth order. The quality of pre-natal care and the behavioral pattern of the mothers can considerably get changed with the passage of time. There are a number of theories and models that support the relationship between IQ and birth order. For instance, the resource dilution model holds that the later born children may lack those parental resources offered to the firstborns. It has been pointed out that “firstborns may benefit from having the exclusive attention of their parents, while later borns have to share time with their earlier-born siblings” (Black, Devereux and Salvanes, 2011, p. 114). The Resource Dilution Model proposed by Blake postulates that parental resources are quite finite and parents with more than one child have to divide these resources among their children (Esping, 2003). On the other hand, the first born unlike the late born receives the complete attention of the mother which has a positive impact on the cognitive development of children. The resource dilution model best explains why firstborns form a large majority of the college population of the nation. In the same way, the Confluence Model proposed by R.B. Zajonc & Markus also highlights the firstborn IQ advantage as they receive the maximum share of parental attention and experience better intellectual environment at home (Esping, 2003). The model also holds that firstborns from smaller families are better equipped than those from larger families to develop higher IQ scores. In the same way, the theory of standard diminishing utility also echoes the diminishing resources and care shown by mothers towards younger childen. For Kristensen and Bjerkedal (2007, p. 1717), prenatal or gestational factors have the potential to affect the fetal brain. This has also been pointed out by Spiker et al (2001, p. 456) that “maternal antibodies are sensitized to fetal brain tissue and affect the neuronal substrate of cognitive abilities in the secondborn or laterborn sibs” (Spiker et al., 2001, p. 456). Similarly, a study on nonverbal IQ scores conducted by Spiker et al. (2001, p. 449) among a sample of 144 autism multiplex families clearly demonstrated that “nonverbal IQ scores were significantly lower in secondborn compared with firstborn siblings with autism.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality Research Paper”, n.d.)
The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1403386-the-causes-of-birth-order-and-family-size-on-iq
(The Causes of Birth Order and Family Size on IQ and Personality Research Paper)
The Causes of Birth Order and Family Size on IQ and Personality Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1403386-the-causes-of-birth-order-and-family-size-on-iq.
“The Causes of Birth Order and Family Size on IQ and Personality Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1403386-the-causes-of-birth-order-and-family-size-on-iq.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality

Birth Order and Empirical Studies Indicating Significant Birth-order-related

...that can affect an individual, from inherited genes to the family environment, school and the workplace, eventually. Sibling science, as it is sometimes referred to, is just beginning to catch the serious attention of scientists from being considered a fringe science before. The present trend should be treated with a healthy dose of skepticism. For all its scientific research work so far, all that can be said is there are as yet no definitive answers to whether birth order really is a strong factor that influences individuals' core personality development. There is a comment that sibling science is much like reading a horoscope; one can impute anything to it (Kluger,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Theory of Birth Order

...effect, for all its seeming robustness, is not indestructible. There's a lot that can throw it out of balance--particularly family dysfunction”. The child born first has the opportunity to avail best care and attention from their parents and relatives. Parents also in excitement give their full contribution of love and affection to their first child. First child is usually more intelligent and has proven to be good care taker of their parents. Birth order also has the ability to decide the personality traits of a child since his/her birth. In his article (Cooper,2010) writes that “It can be observed that first – born are generally polite, understanding,...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

The Interaction between My Birth Order and My Personality

...Has My Birth Order and Relationships With My Family Affected My Personality? Introduction FrankSulloway, ‘‘a freelance intellectual sleuth,’’ carried out a research to investigate the similarities in all the great leaders and also identify what revolutionaries have in common (Boynton 72). The research was motivated by an observation that Charles Darwin, who he considered not to be a genius had come up with a theory which others philosophers had sought after for so long. After researching for a long period, Sulloway believed that he had been able to unravel the puzzle why some individuals are able to ‘‘reject the conventional wisdom of their times’’. According to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

IQ and Birth order

...? Intelligent Quotient (IQ) refers to a measure of an individual’s intelligence/cognitive abilities in handling issues and situation that they come across in life. Previously IQ levels were established through the multiplication of the chronological years/Mental age by one hundred. This has changed though in the last fifty years or so. In the contemporary world, the IQ level of a person is established through the application of standardized tests and then calculating the scores to establish the level. On the other hand Birth order refers to the age order of an individual in a family amongst their...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Birth Order and Its Effect on Personality

...Running head: BIRTH ORDER AND ITS EFFECT ON PERSONALITY AND/OR FAMILY DYNAMICS Birth Order and Its Effect on Personality of the Organization) Abstract Birth order and its effects on personality is a topic that has been researched by many scholars. The entire research tries to explain the link between different behaviors exhibited by adults and the different behaviors learnt during their early years of life. According to research carried out by many psychologists, there is a connection between birth order and various...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

The influence of birth order on personality

...Birth Order and Personality It was in the persona of a psychiatrist d Alfred Adler who has introduced the influence of birth order to a person’s personality. It is not just the birth order that will affect a person’s personality but also the type of family that the person belongs to. There are several possibilities of birth order personality present in this society as there is no definite number of children a couple may have in their lifetime. However, Adler only stated...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Correlation of Birth order and Motor development

...results. Investment of quality time by parents with higher order sibling has been observed less, which has resulted in negative and measured development of children (Lehmann et al, 2012). Child’s position in the family and sibling’s gender are important factors that affect development. However, psychological and emotional development of eldest, middle and youngest child remains different from one another. The size of family and interpersonal relationships also affect the development of a child, either psychologically or physically. However, large family size has been considered a possible cause for mental disorder, which...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Birth order as a construct

...Birth order as a construct due: Alfred Adler, a of Sigmoid Freud introduced birth orderin 1908 (Krohn, 2000 p. 7).He believed that the birth order shapes a child’s personality and growth. Birth order can influence a person’s esteem, success and even happiness. Each time a child is born, the parents experience new changes and, therefore, helps them to reshape their approach on how to raise their children. As another child joins the family, the previous one is dethroned to give special attention to the new arrival (Krohn, 2000). According to Sulloway, (1998)...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Birth order: Piaget Stages of Development

...Birth Order June 17, Introduction Various development principles are espoused. Piaget espoused a unique set of stages of development theory. Erikson has a different version. Bower offers a different object permanence concept. The different concepts complement each other. Piaget Stages of Development The first stage is the Sensory Motor Stage. Development under this stage occurs during the child’s estimated first two years of life. During this stage, the child learns to survive. Survive includes the child’s use of senses to understand one’s environment. The child acquires information on people surrounding the child, oneself, and the world. The child learns the causes and effects of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Birth Order & Personality

...Birth Order & Personality Summary of video “Birth Order & Personality” The video explores the implication of birth order on personality of an individual. In many case, children of the same family normally end up having diverse personalities even though they belong to same parents. Among the various factors contributing to this, birth order comes out inevitably because it is simpler and can be used efficiently to explain the diversity. This therefore acted as the basis for the creation of the video that had the main...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The causes of birth order and family size on IQ and personality for FREE!

Contact Us