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Final research paper Name: University: Abstract: It is believed factors such as individual choices, biological or psychological factors, and environmental factors have a lot to do with juvenile delinquency. However, in the effort to explain causes and reasons why juvenile engage in criminal behavior, various theories have been designed…
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Download file to see previous pages However, in the modern society, different communities view the issue of juvenile delinquency differently. Due to differences in cultural customs and practices, perception of juvenile criminal activities range from one culture to another. In light with this, researchers and scholars have sought to explain why juveniles engage in criminal activities. In the efforts to find out answers to this scenario, some factors have been under investigation in order to find out their link to juvenile delinquency. Such factors include individual choices, biological or psychological factors, and environmental factors (Benjamin, 2003). The following theories will be used to explain the causes of juvenile delinquency. Social learning theory Social learning theory was developed by Albert Bandura in 1977. He hypothesized that human learning is a continuous reciprocal of interaction of behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors. Social learning theory focuses on behavior modeling, whereby children observe and imitate adult’s behaviors or other children behaviors in their surroundings (Larry, et al, 2008). In light with this, it is correct to argue that any negative behaviors portrayed to children can greatly affect and influence their behaviors. This is arguably true because according to the study conducted by Bandura on how violence portrayed in media affected children’s behavior, he found out that some children who observed such television programs tended to imitate the behavior of characters on the television (Larry, et al, 2008). In this regard, it can be wrapped up that juvenile delinquency is as a result of imitation of unruly behaviors. Bandura also concluded that a certain type of children slowly learn how to be violent by modeling their behaviors in relation to what they observe from others. This is what he referred to as direct learning through instantaneous matching of the observed behavior to the modeled behavior (Larry, et al, 2008). Therefore, going by social learning theory, it is evident that juvenile delinquency can be linked to behavioral observations which are gradually acquired. General strain theory General strain theory was developed by Robert Agnew in 1992. It offers a framework that help understand juvenile delinquency. According to this theory, experiences of unpleasant circumstances including those emanating from home have a lot to do with influencing the behavior of juveniles (Larry, et al, 2008). Failure to achieve certain goals in life leads to frustrations. However, personality traits within the individuals also lead to delinquency and crime, which acts a way of relieving tension which is normally caused by strain: the main traits associated with individual strain negative emotions, which are provoked by strain. They are also known as negative affect states. However, it is argued that these adverse emotions can be controlled by individuals. This theory also argues that those individuals who react negatively to strain do so mostly in a delinquent manner, but not necessarily in a criminal way (Sibnath, 2006). It is also believed that those who relieve their negative emotions as a result of strain mainly do so as a result of an individual’s economic situation. While some people may deem it right to relieve their negative emotions by acting against someone, others tends to resort to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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