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Theories and concepts of counselling - Coursework Example

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The essay discussed theories and concepts of counselling while practical and theoretical approaches are applied for future practice of counselling. Approaches to counselling which are common in everyday practice include psychodynamic approach and the cognitive or behavioural approaches…
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Theories and concepts of counselling
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Download file to see previous pages The British counselling psychologist John Heron suggests the essential characteristics of a helping relationship. An intimate helping relationship must be: Prescriptive – the counsellor should be able to give advice and judgemental by looking at the behaviour of the person seeking advice, particularly the behaviour that is not seen within the helping relationship; Informative – the counsellor can be didactic and give instruction by imparting new information in order to correct and reform the behaviour , thoughts and feelings of the person in need; Confronting – the counsellor challenges the attitude of the person in need by having him/her recognize the negativity and change it for the better. Cathartic – the helper should encourage emotional discharge to the person by releasing the pain and experience the emotions of sadness, joy, tension, pain, sorrow, excitement which have been kept inside. The person in need should be able to release those emotions and not lock them inside. Catalytic – the person in need should be able to direct himself/herself; the helper must encourage the person to take control by allowing the counsellor to help him/her. Collaboration between the two should also be enhanced with both the counsellor and counselee opening up. Supportive – the helper encourages the person in need to accept what is going on; the helper assists the person in need and a mutual support is encouraged. (Murgatroyd, 1985, p. 7) The six strategies mentioned above can be grouped into two styles of helping: either the helper directs and be in control on the person in need in giving appropriate action (prescriptive or directive), or the helper does not direct but just encourages the person in need to...
The researcher states that counselling is helping the individual reconcile with himself/herself. Counselling is applied to people who need help as a result of negative experiences. This can be conducted in sessions where the counsellor uses methods or strategies to allow the memories of the past be stricken out from the unconscious mind; that is one method of psychotherapy. Psychodynamic counselling has its origin from psychoanalysis popularized by Sigmund Freud. The counsellor advises the counselee in several sessions and the latter recalls the events of past experiences. The American Psychological Association defines counselling as “helping individuals towards overcoming obstacles to their personal growth, wherever these may be encountered, and towards the optimal development of their personal resources”. Counselling has no permanent and constant approach to persons in need because, as Corey says, each client and situation is unique and each counselling and therapy is distinct and unique. Clients or patients must be understood in different perspectives. The British counselling psychologist John Heron suggests the essential characteristics of a helping relationship. The six strategies mentioned in the paper can be grouped into two styles of helping: either the helper directs and be in control on the person in need in giving appropriate action (prescriptive or directive), or the helper does not direct but just encourages the person in need to accept the reality and discharge emotion (facilitative or developmental style). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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