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The Distrustful Mind: A of Paranoid Schizophrenia - Case Study Example

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In this paper “The Distrustful Mind: A Case of Paranoid Schizophrenia” salient details about schizophrenia including signs and symptoms, causes, and a sample case study will be discussed thoroughly. The causes of schizophrenia is a complex interplay of dynamic factors…
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The Distrustful Mind: A Case of Paranoid Schizophrenia
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Download file to see previous pages Environmental and social factors are also indispensable factors to be considered for the etiology of the disease. While identical twins have an exactly similar copy of the genetic material, there is a 50% chance that a mentally healthy twin will not develop the condition (Videbect, 2007). On the other hand, conventional beliefs claim that the condition develops when there are disparities in the interpersonal relationships and psychosexual developmental process in the individual (Green et al., 2008). When specific tasks are not met or remain unsatisfied in the personal childhood history, psychological symptomatology that mimics schizophrenia may occur like having a schizoid personality (Burgy, 2008). Neurobiological scientists are convinced that the condition is a result of brain tissue alterations, cerebrovascular insufficiency, an imbalance in brain chemical modulators, hormones, and neurotransmitters. Results of PET scans indicate that individuals with schizophrenia commonly have decreased glucose metabolism and oxygen in the frontal cortical structures in the brain. CT scans indicated decreased brain cortical tissue and enlarged ventricles. These changes in the brain physiognomy can be brought about by physical trauma, infectious disease, or as a result of metabolic changes in chronic diseases. Furthermore, poor maternal nutrition, use of tobacco, alcohol, and unprescribed drugs in pregnancy also increase the risk of schizophrenia in an individual (Brown & Susser, 2008). Furthermore, the condition has a reputation of chronicity, severity, and profound functional disability. However, recent developments in mental health and psychiatry introduced psychotropic medications that significantly improved the prognosis of individuals with schizophrenia without experiencing severe adverse effects. Currently, people inflicted with the disease can manage the symptoms with the use of newer medicines and milieu therapy. Meanwhile, the onset of schizophrenia varies in age range per gender. The usual age for males afflicted with the condition can be as early as 15 up to 25 years old, while it can occur later in females at around 25 to 35 years old. The prevalence of the disease is estimated to be 1% of the total population in the world (Videbect, 2007). Interestingly, there are forms of psychosis in schizophrenia that are common only in a specific culture. These patterns of hallucinations, delusions, and impairment in perception may be the results of innate beliefs and practices of each culture. Hence, cultural differences are also significant factors to be assessed in the individuals exhibiting signs of schizophrenia. In addition, schizophrenia shows two major patterns of symptoms. Positive or hard symptoms are actually exaggerations from the normal perceptions of an individual. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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