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Max Weber and his Methodology - Case Study Example

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The author of the following paper claims that renowned German sociologist and thinker Max Weber is considered as one of the greatest sociologists the world has ever produced. He is talented, with in-depth analyses of society and a thorough study of philosophy, law and political science…
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Max Weber and his Methodology
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Download file to see previous pages Max Weber is the first theorist to define the concept of the ideal type in his work, where he is of the opinion that scientific methods are unable to replicate the concrete reality existing in a society; consequently a conceptual apparatus does not contain sufficient strength to measure or assess the diversity of a natural or social phenomenon. In simple words, Weber looks for extracting some of the best or ideal points from the characteristics a social phenomenon contains, which are supportive and helpful in order to understand the social whole as an organism. In his words: “An ideal type is formed by the one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view and by the synthesis of a great many diffuse, discrete, more or less present and occasionally absent concrete individual phenomena.” (Shils & Finch, 1997)
The concept of “ideal type” is of central importance in the Weber’ theoretical framework “Ideal types”, Hekman views, “are not the product of the whim or fancy of a social scientist, but are logically constructed concepts.” (1983: p 32) A social phenomenon requires the comprehensive interpretation of its all aspects for comprehending it thoroughly, which is, according to Weber, dependent on past traditions that are considered as the exemplary ones or ideal type. The critics divide Weber’s ideal type into two parts, which they view, as described by him, on two different occasions. “The initial formulation of the concept was rendered when Weber took over the joint editorship of the Archiv fur Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik in 1940 and formed a part of the editorial titled "Objectivity in Social Science and Social Polity." The other essay formed part of the "Introduction" to his seminal work Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, published posthumously, almost twenty years later, though there is a reason to believe that the work on the second essay was taken up much earlier and was revised by the author before his death in 1920.” Max Weber lays stress upon the application of some research techniques and methodology in order to examine social phenomena. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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