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The smart Port Security Legislation is a law that has its focus on enhancing measures for securing the maritime activities through mitigation of threats in the maritime sector before the risks can get to the shores of the United States. This act adopts a risk-based methodology…
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Port Maritime Legislation The smart Port Security Legislation is a law that has its focus on enhancing measures for securing the maritime activities through mitigation of threats in the maritime sector before the risks can get to the shores of the United States. This act adopts a risk-based methodology that enables cooperation between the Homeland Security Department, local and state law enforcement agencies in enhancing the security of the maritime sector. This law also ensures cost cutting with the enhanced levels of cooperation between the local stakeholders, international, state and federal agencies in the mitigation of threats and enhancement of security in the maritime sector. Majorly the Smart Port Security Legislation has in place a strategic arrangement that boosts the international supply chain security through partnerships in fighting vices such as terrorism. The legislation also has modalities for recognizing the shipper programs of other nations that are trusted, while fostering its main objective of enhancing the security of supply chain. This enhancement of security is done through identification of security gaps within the supply chain and making them more secure in the whole supply chain beginning from the manufacturing process to the supplies stage (Klein, 2011). The Safe Port Act is an amendment of the 2002 Homeland security act for the establishment of a domestic office for nuclear detection within the homeland security department. The safe port legislation has preconditions for putting in place standards and equipment for scanning and radiating all the containers getting into the United States ports. This legislation specifies protocols to follow for responding to emergencies, which involves cooperation across the private sector, federal, local and state administrations. With this legislation, there is stipulation for inspecting containers christened “high risk” before they can arrive into the United States. Apart from those provisions, the legislation reinforces custom trade partnerships especially that work towards mitigating terrorist activities. According to Klein (2011), the Small vessel Security strategy attends to the risk that of smuggling of mass destruction weapons or terrorists into America. Other risks it attends to include the possibility of the small weapons being used as platforms for launching weapons either directly or indirectly though the water ways. Apart from addressing these threats, it gives descriptions of the small vessels and their suitable operating environments. The objectives of this strategy include enhancing are coherent and innovative maritime security, creating maritime awareness within the cycles of the small vessel community. Other objectives include enhancing security cooperation both locally and internationally, creating strong partnerships with the small vessels community, detecting, and deterring risks that could potentially occur through the exploitation of the small vessels. References Klein, N. (2011). Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea. Oxford: OUP Premium.
...?Maritime Operations 512952) Introduction Operations at sea are a risky business which involve proper adherence to safety manuals to avoid risk to life at sea. It has been recognized by the shipping fraternity that no cargo is more valuable than precious human life and proper training procedures must be inculcated among shipping personnel to avoid risks at sea that could endanger human life. It is with these guidelines that the International Safety Management (ISM) Code was developed for the Safe Operation of ships along with measures to prevent pollution at sea. (The ISM Code, 2007) The objectives of the code included (i) Prevention of accidents that could endanger human life, destruction of the marine environment in the event...
...?Port Strategy Table of Contents Port Strategy Introduction 3 Global and Integrated Port Services (Scope and Practice) 4 Strategies of Major Port Operators 6 HHLA (Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG) 7 Evolution of HHLA 7 Motives behind Restructuring of HHLA 8 PSA (Port of Singapore Authority) 8 Evolution of PSA 8 Motives behind Restructuring of PSA 9 ABP (Associated British Ports) 10 Evolution of ABP 10 Motive behind Restructuring of ABP 10 Perception of Port Authorities towards Restructuring 10 Impact of Restructuring on The Efficiency of Port Industry 11 Conclusion 12 References 13 Introduction The global economy and business have expanded dynamically since 20th century. The business related to port had increased at a rate of 8% from 2000...
These include increased competition among ports, changes in transport technology and ports, and internal competition for global markets. Over the recent years, lending agencies and governments have come to agree on the view that the participation of the private sector can be a powerful tool for improving the performance of port assets. Many government officials and port managers believe that privatization is the only way in which the performance of public port organizations can be improved. This view emerges from the believe that some specific characteristics of the private sector are very critical in the achievement of the desired commercial success in ports. Currently, many ports have undergone reformations with an aim of reduc...
... perspective, such that by referring to the conventions maritime claims to disputes related to ownership of ship, contracts of ship sales, or claims regarding mortgages among others, could result in ship or vessels financing and ownership after purchasing them as second hand machineries.14 Through the legal framework, it is therefore easy to regulate the ports and shipping activities against illegal activities and encourage fair practices for involved shareholders, which encourage trade and economic growth. Bibliography ‘An Arresting Development’, http://www.maritimeadvocate.com/ship_arrest/an_arresting_development.htm, (23 February 2013) Abou-Nigm, V. R., The Arrest of Ships in Private International Law, New York, Oxford University press...
...?Legislation: Women Issues Viebeck s that America is one of the few countries where women have almost equal rights as men (6). Like most women around the world, American women have had to overcome many challenges to attain the level of equality they have today. The 18th and the 19th century American women faced all manners of oppression. They were expected to stay at home to nurture children and take care of homes. As such, they were not expected to be heard, but to be seen. This implied that men dominated over them in all matters in society. Most women around the world still face this form of oppression. However, American women have managed to overcome some of the challenges. This has been made possible through intense activism...
...LEGISLATIONLegislation What is Affirmative Action? Affirmative Action refers to a federal agenda that was first used by Lyndon Johnson in his 1960 Executive Order 11246 that called on the federal government to take steps that would counteract historic discrimination of minorities with regards to their color, race, national origin and creed (Fullinwider, 2009). It also includes the protection of the rights of the underrepresented groups such as women. It aims at fostering diversity and compensating for the ways in which such underrepresented groups have historically been excluded through programs that prioritize their inclusion in the education, government and employment sectors. In the event that such programs become preferential based...
... a resolution for security and the facilitation of the supply chain at the international level. In the recommended framework, importers and shipping companies had to abide by the requirements of prior reporting through electronic means of cargo and shipping information as way of mitigating any possible security threats 9.
New laws on port and maritime security
One of the key legislations passed by the US Congress was on the creation of a new and better Department of Homeland Security that was to include other security agencies as part of their operation partners in fighting possible terror. As per this law, federal agencies, ship and port owners had to take up responsibility in effecting various security upgrades for maritime systems. Some...
...PortMaritimeLegislation of PortMaritimeLegislation The SMART Port Security Act enhances security programs within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It was passed following the recognition that the security of US waterways is crucial for national security. A simple disruption of any port of the US could have dire consequences on the nation’s supply chain hence damaging the economy (Richardson, 2012). At the core of the legislation are risk-based security measures that emphasize collaboration between the Coast Guard and the Customs and Border Protection. To achieve this objective, the Act:
a) Allows the DHS to recognize Trusted Shipper Programs of other countries
b) Allows the Coast Guard to recognize the security threat...
...How Does Port Location Affect Port Traffic In Terms Of Cargo Volume And The Number Of Ships Handled
2. Geographically favorable locations
3. Maritime access
4. Maritime interface
6. Land access
7. Urban and environmental pressures
8. Emergence of container transportation
10.Industrial plant locations
11.Port and industry partnerships
12.Foreign trade zones
13.Ports during wartime
14.Ports during international relief operations
15.Ports combating terrorism
The word ‘port’, derived from the Latin word ‘portus’, means gate or gateway. Points of convergence between land and marine domains of circulation, ports are bound by the need to serve...
According to Stopford, (1997, page 29) he defines a port as a geographical area where ships are brought alongside land to load and discharge cargo. In the UK, the management of the biggest port services occurs in the Humber region controlled by Associated British Ports (ABP), operating more than 21 ports. This implies that the services at the ABP have a direct influence on almost the entire country’s port system. There are several factors that influence port development, one of them being the geographic location of the port. An advantage is rendered to those ports that are located near maritime access routes and networks for easy access to international sea waters. At the same time, the connectivity with the inland infras...
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