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Patronage and Clientelist Politics in Egypt - Research Paper Example

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The intention of this study is to describe the Egyptian events of January 2011. Then the corrupt government of Mubarak was overthrown. The population was dissatisfied with the rate of the country's economic growth, with a high population growth rate and a low level of employment.
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Patronage and Clientelist Politics in Egypt
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Download file to see previous pages In ancient Rome, clients were the followers of an aristocrat, and they were related through a code of conduct and ethics. The clients were free from slavery, and the relationship was inherited. The patrons offered them jobs protection or even land to work on (Weber 265). James Scott defines clientelism as a relationship in which a person with higher economic status called a patron uses his position of influence and resources to provide protection and other benefits to another person of a lower class. The client reciprocates by offering support from political to personal to the patron (Scott 197). There are eight characteristics of patron-client relationships. It is dyadic, asymmetrical, reciprocal, personal and voluntary.
First, clientelism is the trading of goods and services for political support. In fact, it is regarded as a political system that involves asymmetric relationships between parties of political actors known as patrons and clients. It is a quid pro between groups and individuals of different social standing. In essence, collaboration entails actions founded on the principle of giving and take with mutual benefits for both the patrons and clients. According to historian Richard Graham, it is the principle of taking there and gives there. However, it is crucial to note that clientelism mostly involves a relationship between unequal parties. Cash, goods, and services are some of the favors that the patrons expect from their clients (Contemporary Conflict 345).
The growing literature in politics and defining political behaviors have given various definitions for clientelism practices in the society. Various scholars have argued that the various clients depend on the rewards that the population expects in return. With the general definition of clientelism being the exploitative relations between different groups in a society that includes an exchange of favors and other benefits which results to class divisions of the elites and non-elites (Joshua 563). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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