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Far Right and Green Politics in European Countries - Term Paper Example

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The paper “Far Right and Green Politics in European Countries” states that environmentalist movements had transformed from protest powers to political parties while the ultra-right, mindful of their discredit in the WWII, were reformatted, reducing their radicalism. …
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Far Right and Green Politics in European Countries
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Download file to see previous pages The green parties, which originated as social issues movements, transformed themselves into political parties adapting and evolving themselves from protest groups to being part of the political institutions of their respective countries. On the other hand, the far right started to reemerge cautiously in the 1980s, deliberately distancing themselves from the extreme right groups, such as the fascists, which had been resoundingly defeated by the liberal democracies during the World War II. The emergence of the green parties and the far right towards the latter part of the 20th century had the overall effect of changing the political landscape of several European countries such as Germany, Finland, Belgium, Italy, Ireland, Austria, the Netherlands, France, and several others.   
The first green party was founded in New Zealand in 1972 and was followed by the emergence of similar movements in other parts of Europe. The party’s emergence in the 1970s was spurred by concerns for the environment, whose problems in the form of air pollution, sea and river pollution, dying forests and disappearing wildlife became the focus of concern especially in Europe, where there were higher population density and higher industrial activities. These environmental conditions were complicated by the eastern Soviet satellites whose industrial sectors had no pollution control. The green parties in Europe, however, were born not from a single environmental concern but from varied movements such as antinuclear movement and even women’s liberation movement and foreign workers movement.
The green parties are presently established in most liberal democracies, usually having started in the local level and widening the circle of their activities until they have established enough credibility to be acceptable in the national level where they organize themselves as political parties. Some green parties have achieved institutionalization in their respective Parliaments. The Green Party of Germany, for example, which is named die Grünen was established in 1980 and in 1998, became a junior partner of the government. On the other hand, England and Wales’ Green Party, founded in 1985, is not represented in Parliament. The French’s Les Verts emerged a year before the British with the motto ‘doing politics differently.’ Another green party with national level experience in the government is the Finnish Green Party which introduced itself in 1983 whilst Belgium’s two green parties called Ecology and Agalev, both of which have institutionalized in the Belgian Parliament since 1981. On the other hand, the Irish Green Party, which was born at a time when Ireland was deluged by environmental protests against waste incineration, public transport, water pollution and non-development of rural areas in the early 1980s, is now slowly entrenching itself in its government political structure. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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