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According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that two of the most prominent models of disability are the medical and social models. These models have been greeted with great skepticism in that they are thought of as being less reflective of the dynamics of disability in the real world. Additionally, they are thought of as being restrictive in nature in that they force individuals to perceive disability in a predefined and very rigid manner. These models, however, to prove to be helpful in that they establish a framework which can be utilized as a means of enabling individuals to gain an intimate understanding of the issues related to disability and the perspective of those who conceive the models as well as the institutions which utilize these models in policy setting initiatives. This report focuses on the obtaining an understanding of the different models of disability and its implications and ramifications. First and foremost, the Medical Model maintains that disability is the resultant of an underlying physical or mental limitation and is largely independent of social or geographical context. It is sometimes referred to as the Biological-Inferiority or Functional-Limitation Model. The most poignant conceptualization of this model can be seen in the definition as set forth by the World Health Organization (WHO) and devised through the contribution of several medical doctors. Under this conceptualization, a disability is defined as any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range that is considered normal for humans while impairment is defined as any or abnormality of psychological or anatomical structure or function. Additionally, a handicap is defined as any disadvantage experienced by an individual which results from an impairment or disability which limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that has become customary for that individual.
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This model is based on the scientific knowledge of the body and its various functions.The idea is to learn what is wrong as based on the symptoms of the sick person through differential diagnosis, recommend the treatment regimen and see to it that the patient complies with this recommended treatment plan.
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The response of the results of 1983 Review of
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Organization of the delivery of this topic in class would first entail definition of the subject and then establishing the various types of deformities in the society. Finally, I will examine disability in social context by evaluating how disabled people are treated in
A few minutes later, a group sat beside me. I did not want to listen in, but there was something powerful in how the members of this group interacted in ways that society must have influenced. For an hour, gestures, screaming sounds, facial
It is important to note that the disabled individuals have overly been subjected to stigmatization and prejudice in different areas of their lives as a result of the definitionindividuals have of disability as a
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