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Medical and Social Disability - Essay Example

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This paper, Medical and Social Disability, will discuss the history of disability, moving forward through the definitions of medical and social disability. How intellectual disabilities are seen in society today and finally what still needs to be done will be discussed…
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Medical and Social Disability
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Download file to see previous pages From this essay declares that the history of all disabilities is dark. For many years a disability meant disgrace, guilt, and embarrassment. Many cultures associated any disability with sin and shame. That sin and shame often times extended to the whole family. Family members were locked away in closets or attics rather than allow the public to see them. This happened whether the disability was physical or mental. Many were cared for by family members, many were neglected and many were placed in asylums. Then came the mental hospitals. There essential function in the early years was to incarcerate rather than treat. Non productive individuals were removed from society and placed in these institutions as poorer families were not able to care for them at home. This included idiot children who could not be hidden away at home.

This paper highlights that the original medical model came about in the 19th century and believed that the problems causing the disability reside within the individual. The medical model of illness or disability is the result of a physical condition that affects activities of daily living. It is intrinsic to the individual and usually the individual’s quality of life is affected. This disability usually causes some clear disadvantages to this individual. The disability can range from loss of limb to shortness of breath from cardiac injury. The deciding factor in calling it a disability is whether it limits activities of daily living....
The medical model of illness or disability is the result of a physical condition that affects activities of daily living. It is intrinsic to the individual and usually the individual's quality of life is affected. This disability usually causes some clear disadvantages to this individual. The disability can range from loss of limb to shortness of breath from cardiac injury. The deciding factor in calling it a disability is whether it limits activities of daily living. Curing or managing in this case revolves around identifying the illness and understanding and learning to control and alter its course.
The medical model is often cited by disability rights groups when evaluating costs and benefits of various interventions whether they are medical, surgical, social or occupational. This medical model is the one that most run up against when there is a decision to be made as to whether a disability will prevent work. There are fewer stigmas to the medical model than the social model and many would rather have been diagnosed with the medical model. Most treatment from the standpoint of the medical model is from control of an issue, many times with medication (Lewis, 2009). Last but not least the medical model assumes that a person cannot function at the level of others without special attention.
There has been a shift away from the medical model which perceives disability as an individual problem to be cured or controlled towards a more social model (Humpage, 2007). The social model focuses on the relationship between people with disabilities and social environments and tries to locate the intervention that will work within the realm of social policies and institutional practices. This shifts us away from the medical profession as a whole and moves the person ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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