Nobody downloaded yet

Political Parties - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The role of political parties in representative democracy has a long history that even predates the advent of universal suffrage. (Bogdanor, 2006) The first half of the 20th century witnessed the upsurge in the membership of political parties. In the UK, the Labour Party which was formed in 1900 could boast of a million members by the early part of the 1950s…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
Political Parties
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Political Parties"

Download file to see previous pages (Bogdanor, 2006) Figures have however been more dismal in the past 30 years. In 2005, membership of the Conservative Party had fallen to an abysmal 250,000.
Thus from 1975 to 2005, the Conservative Party has lost more than four out of five of its members. (Bogdanor, 2006) Interestingly, within that same period, the Conservative Party has been in power for a total of more than 15 years. Consequently, though it has been in power for more than half the total time between 1975 and 2005, the Conservative Party has lost more than four fifths of individual membership.
The situation of the Labour Party is also very dismal. Though membership drive in 1996 had witnessed an increase of individual membership to 400,000, by 2006, membership of the Labour Party had dropped to 200,000, half its number in a space of 10 years and one fifth in the space of about 50 years. (Bogdanor, 2006)
"Fifty years ago, 1 in 11 of the electorate belonged to a political party; today just 1 in 88 do. Moreover, voters feel less attached to parties than they did. In 1966, 42 per cent professed a "very strong" attachment to the party of their choice; today only 13 per cent do. That, no doubt, is one of the reasons for the increasing volatility of voters and low turnout in general elections - 59 per cent in 2001, 62 per cent in 2005." (para. 1)
The high lev The high level of passivity to political party membership may also account for the volatility in voter turnout during elections. The loss of interest in political parties and its concomitant effect on electoral turnouts can be contrasted with public participation in other political issues. According to the Electoral Commission and the Hansard Society (2004), whereas the 2001 general elections witnessed a significant decline in voter turnouts, there was a greater willingness by the public to participate in demonstrations in 2003 on issues like the Iraq war, the funding of higher education, and the visit of President Bush.
Many reasons can be given for the steady loss of interest in political parties over the years in the UK and other EU countries. The locus of political engagement has been diversified in the UK and EU over the years and this has had a great influence on the dwindling membership of political parties. The Electoral Commission and the Hansard Society (2004) have argued that:
"Recent years have seen an increase in pressure group and 'protest' politics, indicating a more complex picture of political engagement than voting figures alone might suggest." (p. 5)
The diversification of political engagement thus connotes a movement from the political party as the central organisation for effecting change in society. Traditionally, political parties, especially in the first half of the 20th century were seen as the means of achieving social change. Issues of social concern like social justice, the environment, democracy, and equality were advanced at the political party front. (Wainwright, 2008) The formation of the Labour Party in the UK in 1900 epitomises the role of agents of change that political parties enjoyed. The coming together of trade unions, workers and socialists, with the aim of changing the way the interests of the public were represented in Parliament became the bedrock for the founding of the Labour Part ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Political Parties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1521542-political-parties
(Political Parties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/politics/1521542-political-parties.
“Political Parties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1521542-political-parties.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Political Parties
...? Two-Party System in the United s: Pros and Cons of Advantages of a Two Party System The “continuous competition between the Republican and the Democrats for over 140 years has given the United States party system a two-party character.”1 These two parties struggle against each other to have a hold over political ranks—“presidency, Congress, governorships, and state legislatures”.2 Many believe that this provides the country a number of benefits which will not materialize had there been other parties to share the citizen’s support with. There may be shortcomings; yet its advocates believe that they are of little...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Political Parties
...?DRAFT Look at 3 party platforms of the major political parties over a long period of time. Describe the continuities and changes that have occurred in the planks of the party platform. Ask the following questions: Has the party changed its position? What issues have been dropped? What new issues appear? What explains the changes? In the midst of overwhelming competition in the American political arena, the major political parties have always geared up for election by making competing party platforms. However, it is interesting to note that whereas the party platforms...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Political Parties
...Political Party Identification and Participation - Problems and Perspectives Significance of political party Identification and participation It is common for individuals to identify with a particular political party. In simple terms, this identification is called political party identification. An individual’s party identification is often determined by the political party he or she supports. Political parties normally have three parts; as government, as an organization, and as the party electorate. The...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Political Parties
... Political Parties 1A. The categorization of voting behavior and its dimensions has a critical aspect of analysis and examination for political scientists and researchers who have aimed to establish the features or characteristics that can be attributed to the voting patterns of individuals. According to a comprehensive and large-scale study that has been conducted by the University of Michigan, the role of various dimensions in actually determining the extent to which the voter is influenced in his/her selection or choice of one candidate over the other is variable and dependent upon several elements (Campbell 67). This notion implies that when it comes to demonstrating support for a candidate, partisan attitudes can be seen... with the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Political Parties
... History and Political Science: Political Parties Introduction Political parties play a vital role in the governance and function of politics. The aim of this paper is to discuss the political parties, political system, and political organization in the United States (U.S.). In reference to political parties and political party system, the definition of political parties will be presented. A focus on the functions of a political party system will be examined, as well. It examines the reasons on why the United States possess two political party system. In consideration of the American political organization, a discussion on decentralization will be elaborated as the basic trait of the American political party system. Furthermore... , it...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Political Parties Essay
...Department of Social Sciences and Commerce POLITICAL CONVERGENCE IN CANADA: THE CASE OF THE LIBERAL AND CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF CANADA Introduction Political parties within a democratic system are the representation of open thought, where the allowance of diverging ideological reflection is promoted and reinforced. The party that best identifies and understands the needs of its citizens efficaciously would logically, be the governing party. A national political party that desires to gain power must have a certain propensity to tend to the most fundamental values of it's...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Political parties
...Political Parties Traditional Moral and Political Philosophy Campaign Add: Party Conservative and Traditional Affiliation Party Campaign Slogan: "Tradition is the moral way." Party's Platform: The Conservative and Traditional Affiliation Party believes in upholding traditional beliefs and family values. This party is conservative Christian and believes in most moral and ethical conservative beliefs. They are pro-life, do not uphold the death penalty, and follow beliefs that represent Christian tradition. Therefore, on abortion, they stand for pro-life, and believe that the fetus is an actual human...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Political parties
...Political Parties INTRODUCTION The growing concerns regarding environment and climate change has been ascertained to have significant influence on the social and the political continuum of the United States. The term ‘environment’ for the people of US is no more related to the concept of the daily local issues but relates to the security, welfare and the risk factor. Owing to the growing concerns of people towards the issue of environment, political parties in the USA are also identified to place significant importance to this concern issue (Burns 1-5). THESIS STATEMENT The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the position of Democrats,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Political parties
... Political Parties Ideally, there is evidence that the two-party system in America is no longer in a position to meet the people’s ever increasing needs. Therefore, due to the dissatisfaction of the American citizens over the two political party systems, an individual should expect the formation of a third part that can replace the former party. Below is a reason that can motivate the above formation to take effect. The American elections are based on the idea where the winner takes the crown, and the loser concedes defeat. When the loser comes to his or her senses and realizes that there is nothing to smile about after losing, he or she becomes aggressive and begins to sabotage his or her opponents (Disch 24). He or she achieves... this by...
1 Pages(250 words)Personal Statement
Political Parties
...Political Parties al Affiliation Political Parties in the United s Introduction The United s has two main politicalparties in a duopoly system. The political parties are the Republicans and the Democratic parties. As a duopoly system, the two political parties share in the power in the country, no matter the ruling party as according to the party the current president belongs. The Americans have considered this, especially because the parties are a plurality system where the elected president has to have the majority of the votes than...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Parties for FREE!
Contact Us