United Nations and International Peace
International peace and solidarity among all countries in the world assume great importance now-a-days especially in the context of increased conflicts and disputes on a wide range of issues. …
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International peace is a prerequisite to any country's progress and prosperity that determines the country's development both in terms of social and economic aspects. For decades, terrorism has been a nightmare for countries, which will collapse the economic and social set up of a country and hurdle its economic growth and development. At this juncture, the present essay is relevant as it deals with the role of United Nation's role in preserving and encouraging peace among the member countries. The essay further examines the role of the UN in monitoring and maintaining peace across the world as an international agency in the context of its powers. The essay takes a critical approach to the success and failure of UN in international peace with real examples such as Rwanda, Iraq and Kosovo. The essay is concluded with a short debate on the present role and significance of the UN to contribute to international peace.
United Nations came into existence on 24 October in 1945by virtue of the Charter ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. "The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter" (Introductory Note). The day October 24 is celebrated each year all over the world as UN Day. The basic idea behind setting up of such an organization is to work for peace and development by bringing all countries together in harmony. According to the Charter, the UN has four purposes: to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations (Article 1). As regards the membership is concerned, the Charter states that "membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations" (Article 4). The top most official of the UN is the Secretary General and Ban Ki-moon of the Republic of Korea, the eighth Secretary-General, holds the position at present. The operations of the UN are regulated by different departments. A brief account of the structure of UN in general is outlined below:
The General Assembly
The Security Council
The Economic and Social Council
The Trusteeship Council
The International Court of Justice
The UN System
The Role and Powers of UN in International Peace
One of the main areas of concern of the UN is the preservation of world peace. International peace and harmony have been in the agenda f the UN since its inception. By signing the Charter, member states/countries undertake to take efforts to avoid crisis situations between countries and tackling of disputes by peaceful means. Since it inception, the UN has been playing a major role in helping defuse and eliminate international crisis and in resolving protracted conflicts. In its efforts to harmonize the member countries, the UN has experienced both successful and disappointing outcomes. Over the years UN efforts
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This article provides the historical and political factors behind the creation of the United Nation, examines the United Nation Charter and the expression of the UN’s objectives in the United Nation Charter. The study analyzes the UN’s effectiveness in realizing its Charter objectives; namely, maintaining the international order.
International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court (Smith, pp. 35-49, 2007) are two institutions that are concerned with the concept of justice and human rights in a society, which means that they are concerned with humanitarian law.
The United Nations has various governing bodies and arms which cover a variety of political concerns in the international scene. One of these concerns is international human rights. Securing international human rights is an essential responsibility of the United Nations, one which requires their legislative authority as well as their executive and adjudicatory powers.
Each member country has to obligate to all the requirements of the UN charter. This charter is an international treaty designed to protect future generations from the scourge and curse of war and written to affirm fundamental human rights.
First, the number of peace operations has risen quite dramatically and second, the nature of peace operations is often questioned by one party or another (Ehrenreich, 1998). Undoubtedly, there have also been cases where peace
And with this thought the UN was born. After the Second World War, it became necessary for the world to form such organization which will be ready to lend a hand to maintain the international peace and
Problems arose from this situation because previous organizations like the League of Nations had not succeeded, so it was important to create a body that was not similarly flawed. Earlier organizations had also failed
UN is an organization regarded as an intergovernmental organization. It was created in 1945 with an aim of promoting international co-operations. It was organized in the Second World War with an aim of preventing world conflict from taking
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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