Analysis of USA’s Climate Change policies
Scientists are convinced through the examination of the polar ice cores that human activity has increased the proportion of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over the past few hundred years.
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Among the greenhouse gasses, the most potent are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N20) and these are results of anthropogenic climate change (www.global-greenhouse-warming.com).
Recognizing the hazard that greenhouse gases have and that these climate changes are anthropogenic, there have been efforts from around the world to address the problems. One of these is the Kyoto Protocol. It is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (UNFCCC). "While the convention encourages industrialized nations to stabilize GHG emissions, the protocol commits them to do so" (UNFCCC).
The Kyoto protocol states that the Parties included in Annex I shall pursue limitation or reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol from aviation and marine bunker fuels. Therefore, the parties in Annex I are expected to enact policies and measures necessary to minimize the adverse social and economic impact of climate change (UNFCCC)
The protocol identified 3 mechanisms of reducing greenhouse gasses aside from the individual national measures. ...
"The Kyoto Protocol is generally seen as an important first step towards a truly global emission reduction regime that will stabilize GHG emissions, and provides the essential architecture for any future international agreement on climate change" (UNFCCC).
USA's Proposals and Policies
Unfortunately, even after sending delegations to the Kyoto Protocol, "the United States steadfastly refuses to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and actively works against the efforts of the world community to reach its full implementation" (KyotoUSA). Since USA alone emits 25% of the world's greenhouse gasses, its failure to support the Kyoto Protocol would mean that the goal of dramatically reducing green house gasses is unlikely to happen (KyotoUSA).
Observing USA's dwarfism in airing its own concerns during the talk is such a humiliating, childish behaviour. The conference was supposed to be meeting of concerned countries to draft a solution to a dire worldwide problem. The protocol is supposed to be a commitment of each country involved to each and every stipulation made, but USA did otherwise, stating that the world's problem on anthropogenic climate change cannot be solved by just one treaty. The joint implementation might have been offensive to the US government, given that it would require them to pay for an extra GHG emission, revealing the country's fear of not being able to reduce greenhouse gasses below the limit. This is such an obvious weakness and USA cannot just fool other countries with this.
The USA delegation presentation to post-Kyoto talk reveals that the delegation, together with the previous US administration believes that "the Kyoto (protocol) is structurally incapable of delivering the reductions in GHGs so desperately
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Peoples evidently observed the melting of the glaciers in the North Pole, the increase of sea level in tropical zones at an average rate of 1.8 [1.3 to 2.3]mm/yr since 1993 and the warming of the earth which affects the cycle of vegetation and farm life (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2008).
Although it is a devastating dilemma, we are not left hopeless. Climate change urges rapid modifications on how we run our systems by altering our individual lifestyles, establishing legislation as the nation’s aid, and participation of other countries in this endeavor.
Climate change can be due to: Natural variability – warming or cooling due to sun spot activity, solar radiation Human activity – burning of fossil gases into the atmosphere, causing enhanced greenhouse effect However, there is much debate about what causes climate change, and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change refers to a change of climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the global atmosphere.
Changing temperatures and unpredictable swings in the jet stream continue to alter the distribution and predictability of precipitation throughout the country, all caused by climate changes. Though the root cause of climate change is not fully understood, the long-term impact on ecosystems throughout the United States is an altered environment in which humans, animals and infrastructures have grown dependent upon.
This paper analyzes climate change, global warming in particular. A scientific reported from the United States resource and environmental conservation department indicated that in 2011, the global emissions from greenhouse gases; mainly carbon dioxide reached a decade record high. According to the report, global emissions increased by 3%.
Significantly, climate change predictions give man knowledge of the future; and these predictions cannot compared to magic, neither are they opinions or speculations.(Ricky, 2008, 1) Climate predictions are based on investigation in the field of science i.e.
ions that have contributed to climate change and as such have committed to address the issue and assist developing countries in reducing their admissions. There are many negative consequences as a result of climate change and here rising sea levels will be discussed.
Nowadays, climate change is a global challenge. The problem is more intensely felt in Africa. This issue is further worsened by the continent’s poor economic development state and reduced adaptive ability (Metz 23). The continent is often plagued by natural disasters such floods and droughts and extreme poverty hence.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration poses a crucial question regarding the evidence of climate change whose answers aid in understanding the noticeable changes around the world.
The question has been addressed both in qualitative and
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