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European Union: Issues and Policies - Research Paper Example

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The author of the paper "European Union: Issues and Policies" touches upon the issues of the EU. Admittedly, the nature of the engagement of the EU has been that there is a consensus which is arrived at before any policies of a controversial or sensitive nature are adopted…
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European Union: Issues and Policies
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Download file to see previous pages These are all very noble goals and therefore the question arises, why should the member countries disagree on such un-contentious issues? That question shall also be addressed ahead. It is therefore important to point out here that the CPA was conceived in the year 1962. Its aims today are three, just like at the beginning. However, they have changed a little perhaps to reflect the challenges of the times. Today they are to ensure viable food production, sustainable management of natural resources and the balanced development of rural areas within the European Union. The impact on the environment and rural to urban migration clearly informed the changes in aim.
The European Commission has several bodies that offer advice with regard to the various proposals that are suggested from time to time. The proposals are then deliberated on by the Council of ministers, made up of the agriculture ministers in each of the 27 member nations. The European Parliament also gives its own input. This long process and other bureaucratic red tape are part of the reason that it takes longer to arrive at any agreements. That too shall be explored ahead (Mathews 2012).
The other important issue relates to the funding of the CPA. The annual budget is decided on by the Council of the E.U in conjunction with the European Parliament. There are several bodies that audit expenditure but the main one is the European Union Court of auditors. They determine not only what amount is spent but also on what projects. The budget is spent in various ways. Among the biggest expenses is income support for farmers or subsidies. This accounts for close to three quarters of the total budget. The remaining quarter is either spent on rural development or market support. This is less than a tenth of the budget but still very substantial (Grant 1997).
At the time of the founding of the CPA, there were only six members of the European Community, the equivalent of today’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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