The paper “Turkey's Foreign Policy on Arab Spring” seeks to evaluate an ever-changing foreign policy which has hurt Turkey in some ways in this spring’s uprisings in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya, as well as hurt it in its relations with the West. …
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This has caused consternation to the West, who had hoped that Turkey would be an ally and would be able to help the West put pressure on these authoritarian Arab countries. In the meantime, Turkey has caused more problems for pro-Israeli countries, such as the United States, as the country has turned against Israel because of Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians and an incident where Israel killed a number of Palestinians who were a part of a humanitarian convoy. This is all a part of the Turkish pragmatic foreign policy, as it has realized that it needs to appease its neighbors in order to have security within its borders, as well as have free and open trade with the region, therefore it has embraced the Arab world. However, this caused problems for Turkey when the Arab uprising began. This is because Turkey, in its policy of zero problems with neighbors, embraced dictators. One of these dictators was Qadaffi, so the Libyan uprising put the country into a difficult position. Moreover, the embrace of other dictators in other countries, such as Syria and Iran, signaled to the Western world and the rebels in these countries that Turkey is not entirely on the side of the democratizers. ...
According to Onis (2010), Turkey currently has an active foreign policy approach, and this approach has been the hallmark of the AKP government era. This approach has had continuity between the first and second terms of office, as Abdullah Gul and Ahmet Davutoglu has played a key role in Turkey’s foreign policy initiatives. This active foreign policy precedes the AKP government administration, however, as it was a part of the Turkish regime since the post-Cold War era in the 1990s (Onis, 2010, p. 3). The AKP era’s central focus on foreign policy is that they use their power softly, and strive to improve relations with its neighbors (using the motto “zero problems with neighbors”). Pursuing a more ambitious role in regional and global power is another benchmark for the AKP government, as well as the desire to Europeanize. Nevertheless, the Middle East and the Arab world was also a focal point of the Turkish foreign policy initiatives under the AKP (Onis, 2010, p. 4). That said, Onis (2010) also states that the second term of office has been marked by foreign policy differences from the first phase, and the most glaring of these difference is that Turkey has weakened commitment to the European Union (EU). This has been shown in the fact that Turkey has acted independently of its Western Allies with regard to the international and regional conflicts (Onis, 2010, p. 4).
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Prior to the uprising in Tunisia and Egypt, majority of the citizens experienced decline in real wages, high inflation, and increasing levels of unemployment. The situation was worse among the youth, especially graduates, who experienced high levels of unemployment
Durac is of the opinion that long-standing regime of Ali Abdullah al-Salih of Yemen represented a classic case of authoritarian upgrading. The Yemen’s political system masked the extent to which the president exerted control through a network of informal alliances and, in recent years, external support and patronage.
Everyday we enjoy the right to speak our mind, to worship any Gods or gods we wanted to, to publish ideas that are even in disagreement to other people, to educate ourselves, to chose our leaders, to demand good governance and yes, to even freely criticize, protest our government and its officials.
The spring has swept over the entire region and even countries like Morocco that have not witnessed serious uprisings had to negotiate and come to a compromise before normalcy was restored. Tunisia, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Syria and Yemen have not had stable governments with a period stretching back to a few years ago.
The author states that these events started taking place in Tunisia and they spread through Egypt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, and currently, they are happening in Syria. The Arab Spring has seen the fall of several autocratic regimes whose toppling has surprised many in the world. The Arab Spring brought with it many positive outcomes.
He also said the Arab Spring impact on the Middle East. He divided his topic for eight sections; he said each country in one separate paragraph. Starting with what happened in Tunisia, ending by Jordan.
This article is about understanding todays undergraduate college
The world particularly the West watched as pro-democracy protesters rose across the Middle East and North Africa, and massive deaths reported. The Arab Spring of 2011 is commonly viewed today as one of the famous historical moments of political revolutions. However, the causes of the revolt have been a subject of considerable debate.
The term ‘Arab spring’ got coined to call these revolutionary events which were meant to usher a bright future for the nations where it took place and the regions at large.
The ‘Arab spring’ was meant to bring peace,
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