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Human Nature and the Relationship Between Nation-States - Article Example

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The paper "Human Nature and the Relationship Between Nation-States" demonstrates to what extent does human nature help us to explain the relationship between nation-states. The need, or else, of the state is generally rooted in assumptions regarding human nature. There is often some form of connection between human nature and the relationship between nation-states. …
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Human Nature and the Relationship Between Nation-States
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Download file to see previous pages Gandhi upheld a contrary belief—he believed that human nature is a mixture of desirable and undesirable attributes, and human beings could become virtuous and behave conscientiously even without the intimidating, forceful mechanism of the state.
The belief that human nature is permanent and has an important influence on how nation-states relate to one another is thought-provoking. If global politics is basically human nature ‘writ large’ (Sutch & Elias, 2007, p. 48) then the role of human nature in international relations should be fully understood. Realists argue that human nature is naturally self-centred which endows nation-states a predisposition to conduct war. The historical experience of political thought is replete with conflicting but convincing interpretations of human nature. The Hobbesian view of human nature that largely inspired realism is questioned in its totality by those who believe that sociability, morality, and benevolence instead of selfishness and fear are the major attributes of human nature. However, what should be taken into consideration is whether this is essentially an attribute of human nature and thus should be considered when examining how nation-states will behave in international affairs.
Hans Morgenthau, a prominent figure in the field of international politics during the 20th century, identifies ‘six principles of political realism’, two of which refer to the “objective [political] laws that have their roots in human nature” and the importance of “the concept of interest defined in terms of power” (Donnelly, 2000, pp. 44-45). He views the national interest as something to be determined rather than an issue of constructed and conditional tendencies. And such impartial, objective interests inform the content of trustworthy foreign policy. Hence the second of the four core principles of international relations is that “the objectives of foreign policy must be defined in terms of the national interest and must be supported with adequate power” (Donnelly, 2000, p. 45). According to Morgenthau, a “logically required connection between interest and foreign policy” (Donnelly, 2000, p. 45) exists. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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