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Impact of Classical Greek Philosophy on Medieval Islamic Philosophy - Coursework Example

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"Impact of Classical Greek Philosophy on Medieval Islamic Philosophy" paper explains the idea about the steps in the formation of Islamic philosophy under the influence of the Greek one, in its Aristotelian forms. There is also seen why Muslim scholars have not accepted this Islamic philosophy. …
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Impact of Classical Greek Philosophy on Medieval Islamic Philosophy
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Download file to see previous pages In, 323-43 BC Greek classical philosophies experienced a drastic change. From being a fundamentally Greek product, it developed into an international and eclectic cultural movement in which Greek, Egyptian, Phoenician, and other Near Eastern religious and ethical elements came together. This change is best represented by the role Alexandria played as the center of varied streams of notions making up the new philosophy.

At the same time as the Abbasid Caliphate was set up in Baghdad in 750 AD, the center of learning progressively moved to the Abbasid capital, which became later the heir of Athens and Alexandria as the new cultural city of the medieval world. Nearly two centuries later Cordoba, the capital of Muslim Spain, began to contend with Baghdad as the center of ancient learning. From Cordoba, Greek-Arabic philosophy and science were spread across the Pyrenees to Paris, Bologna, and Oxford in the twelfth and the thirteenth centuries.

During the time of the Abbasid Khalifah (Caliph) Mamun-al-Rashid who had established a Bait-el-Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad, the influence of the foreign thought seeped into Islamic culture. Works of Greek philosophy and natural sciences were available in Alexandria, Egypt, and some other Syrian cities. Mamun-al-Rashid employed scholars of all religions, Jewish, Christianity, Islam, etc. for the purpose of translating these works into Arabic. Regardless of the stronghold of Islamic theological doctrine on the minds of the Arabs, skepticism and rational thinking increasingly developed and flourished under the encouragement and protection provided by the Khalifah.

The first reception of Greek-Hellenistic philosophy in the Islamic world was mixed. It was rejected in the beginning as being distrustfully foreign or pagan and was thus scorned by conservative theologians, legal scholars, and grammarians as harmful or essential. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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