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From My lai to Abu Ghraib: The moral Pschology of Atrocity by John M. Doris and Dominic Murphy - Essay Example

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The article, ‘From my Lai to Abu Ghraib: The moral psychology of atrocities’ by John Doris and Dominic Murphy abdicates wartime crimes by claiming cognitively degrading circumstances. The authors have proposed two premises for their conclusion that individuals in combat…
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From My lai to Abu Ghraib: The moral Pschology of Atrocity by John M. Doris and Dominic Murphy

Download file to see previous pages... In combat situation, individuals are required to follow orders and therefore are in cognitively degrading circumstances. They are expected to behavior in manner that is totally different to peacetime. In cases like Abu Ghraib, the reforms in laws regarding treatment of prisoners and ‘terrorists’ had also widened the scope of torture such that the criminal acts were believed to be within the law by the perpetrators. Thus, laws and combat circumstances produce help create environment where individuals are not morally responsible for their behavior.
Yes, I do believe that individuals in combat are not morally responsible for their acts because combat situations necessitate following order from their superiors. At the same time, the soldiers and volunteers in wartime are expected to behavior in typical ways that is very different to their normal behavior. Killing enemies is not wrong even though they are human being like them. In such situations, individuals cannot act as they want but as their combat circumstance dictate. Hence, they are termed as cognitively degrading circumstance, where they are not morally responsible for their actions and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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