(Name) (Professor) (Subject) (Date) Virtue and Utility Most of us would not disagree with the notion that happiness is the purpose of all life. Nevertheless, what exactly is happiness and how is it related to the concepts of virtue and pleasure? Is a happy life simply the same as a life of pleasure or is it a life of goodness or virtue?…
Download file to see previous pages...
Aristotle’s and Mill’s philosophies share similarities in terms of application, the greatest good and the requirement for happiness; and they differ when it comes to how happiness can be exactly attained. The philosophies of Aristotle and Mill are similar in that the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the situation or on the external circumstances. For Aristotle’s virtue ethics, the basis of moral virtues is action and that “we learn by doing them” (Nicomachean Ethics II.1). This means that virtues are never inborn in man except that “we first acquire the potentiality” of doing these virtuous acts (II.1). However, despite this potentiality, there is a need for action. For Aristotle, therefore, one is never a good man unless he does good deeds. Nobody is born good – one has to do good in order to be called good. The Greek philosopher gives an example in the Ethics when he says, “By doing the acts we do in our transactions with other men we become just or unjust” (II.1). This means that no one can be called just or unjust unless he proves this through his dealings with his fellowmen. In the same way, according to John Stuart Mill, the rightness or wrongness of an act is also based on the situation. ...
both Aristotle’s virtue ethics and John Stuart Mill’s utilitarian ethics is both happiness and, as previously mentioned, pleasure is a major element in not only Mill’s philosophy but also in Aristotle’s. However, it is but necessary for us to look into the concept of happiness first before delving into the idea of pleasure. The concepts of happiness for both philosophers are a little different from each other. Happiness, for Aristotle, is the “end of the things we do, which we desire for its own sake (everything else being desired for the sake of this)” (Ethics I.2, 7). Aristotle, therefore, gives us a very lofty and strict meaning of happiness – something that is desired as an end in itself. Money, friends and family therefore are not the summum bonum for Aristotle for they are not necessarily desired for themselves but for the for happiness that they can give us. John Stuart Mill has the same attitude towards happiness. For Mill, “The utilitarian doctrine is that happiness is desirable, and the only thing desirable as an end; all other things being only desirable as means to that end” (Utilitarianism IV, 433). Based on the aforementioned statement, it is clear that Mill shares the same sentiments towards happiness as Aristotle does. When it comes to happiness, both Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Mill’s Utilitarianism underline the importance of the nobleness of character in the attainment of the happiness that they have set as their summum bonum. For Aristotle, happiness can only be attained through a virtuous life or the good life and this is defined as “the good and noble performance of [a man’s function which is based on a rational principle]” (Ethics I.7). From this statement of Aristotle’s, one can therefore deduce that not
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Virtue and Utility Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1438973-development-as-freedom
(Virtue and Utility Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Virtue and Utility Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1438973-development-as-freedom.
In some instances, there are two ideas but contrasting however they seem to be ethical, although it is not easy to identify which of the two is the correct course of action. There are some frequent ethical dilemmas which have minor consequence: for instance, is it right to tell a fib when an individual ask if they are fat or if their poorly cooked food is delicious?
His views were so radical that his works merited listing on the Papal Index of Prohibited Books in the year 1559.2 However, the ideas presented by Machiavelli must have had a certain appeal because his works are now well-known and taught at all universities even if many readers may infer that they appear to suggest that only cream and SOBs rise to the top, something that is contrary to Christian thinking.
Later sections will focus on utilitarian and libertarian point of view in chosen case, its positives and negatives. These will be later compared to virtue and veil of ignorance concept. Finally, it will be outlined whether any of those theories could be applied in order to make a decision in presented scenario.
Then, explain how this doctrine might be related to his claim in the Apology that "the unexamined life is not worth living". Protagoras is a dialogue by Plato, the main characters being Socrates and Protagoras. In the dialogue, Socrates suggests that human excellence amounts to the possession of wisdom.
Homer’s Iliad addresses the issue of virtue in its different facets throughout the whole poem. Even though Homer mainly depicts the Trojan War that opposes Achaeans and Trojans, some cultural and moral values are also displayed that reflect the social and cultural backgrounds of the people involved.
Virtue, on the other hand, is the condition that one achieves when he follows the Middle Way, or the way of temperance. Ethical Virtue is the intermediate between excess and deficiency.
If one seeks to be virtuous, one must seek goodness. To Aristotle, good actions are those which are done with "good" in mind.
On the other hand, the Discourses presents a republic theory which itself is virtuous. Both books are in total contrast to each other.
The Price is though-provoking, captivating, short, easy, but also equally dangerous and "not virtuous" book. Here, Machiavelli provides recommendations for the princes about learning the policies for how not to be good or virtuous to their friends and colleagues so as to maintain absolute authority.
1). The economic interest on the sporting game is sparked by the observation of the dynamics of individual players and the team itself, “the interactions between co-operative and competitive modes of behaviour that professional
Great philosophers such as Aristotle, Socrates and Plato had their propositions about what morality entails. Aristotle asked, “What is the good of man?”, whereas Socrates, Plato and others asked, “what
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Virtue and Utility for FREE!