Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family environment differ - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The research article is based upon a comprehensive study of Black and White Women and tries to answer the question; do perceptions of childhood family environment differ The research was done on a sample of Black and White women from two-parent families, heterogeneous in age and social class.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family environment differ
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family environment differ"

Running head: Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Environment Differ Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions Of Childhood Family Environment Differ
[The name of the writer appears here]
[The name of the institution appears here]
I. Introduction
The research article is based upon a comprehensive study of Black and White Women and tries to answer the question; do perceptions of childhood family environment differ The research was done on a sample of Black and White women from two-parent families, heterogeneous in age and social class.
II. Purpose of the Research
The research was conducted to find out the differences in perceptions of childhood family environment amongst black women and white women to examine the long-term effects of childhood stresses and resources on women with and without alcoholic parents.
The research was generally based upon the following research questions:
What role does socioeconomic status and age play in the perception of childhood family environment
What differences lie amongst races in perception of their parents as caretakers
III. Theories
Authors have mentioned a few theories that provide addition information for the research.
Black parents may consciously practice racial socialization. They may choose to teach their children how to cope in a dominant white and racial society by emphasizing obedience to rules, respect for elders, and loyalty and responsibility to family and community.
A cultural socialization model was also illustrated in the research, principled upon respect responsibility restraint and reciprocity that were brought by enslaved people from West Africa to the Americas strongly influence parenting practices in the present day.
According to some researchers, religious beliefs and activity may be another important cultural factor contributing to family processes.
This suggests outliers in the sample and population, whose characteristics and perceptions differ based upon variables that are uncontrollable.
IV. Research Method
The research method applied was a combination of quantitative and qualitative research with a self-administered questionnaire gathering information from the participants on a Likert scale, followed by a focused interview. Siblings of the primary subjects were only forwarded the questionnaire to affirm the findings of the research.
A. Sample / Subjects
A community sample of White women and Black women was recruited for the study. A pilot study was done to help refine the recruitment and screening procedures.
The subjects were required to be US born and with US born parents and having been lived in a two parent household for at least ten years in childhood. The sample taken was heterogeneous in nature with a broad range of ages, years of education, marital status and employment status with minimal differences amongst black and white.
B. Data Collection Method
Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire requiring the participant to fill the required fields on a Likert scale followed by a focused interview lasting two house with each participant focusing on the findings of the questionnaire by the use of open-ended questions.
Siblings of the primary participants were involved by a self-administered questionnaire. Siblings were used in the research as collateral informants to affirm the findings.
C. Ethical Issues
Informed consent was taken from the participants at the start of the focused interview session. The participants were also informed about their right to privacy during this session.
D. Measures and Variables
To examine childhood family environment, Family Environment Scales was used. The scale is designed to measure the family as a social environment. The variables pertinent to the study were used and others were omitted as less salient to the research focus on family relationships.
The variables of Family Environment Scales considered for the research were cohesion, expressiveness, conflict and organization.
Variables such as social class, level of income and family structure were noted as dependent variables for the study.
Categories generated on the basis of the research were availability at home, emotional support, ability to meet basic needs, and discipline.
V. Results
Childhood family environment were compared for black women and white women. Initial analyses controlled for social class and age. Black women scored their childhood families higher on cohesion, expressiveness and organizations and lower or family conflict as compared to white women. As indicated by previous researches; cohesion, expressiveness, and conflict were found to be equal amongst the races. However, a marked difference was noted in the last scale, which showed that black women compared to white women, described their families as significantly more organized. The race differences for sibling Family Environment Scale scores were similar to those for subjects, with black ratings their families as stronger compared with whites.
Four categories were generated from the qualitative study, i.e. availability at home, emotional support, ability to meet basic physical needs and guidance or discipline. All these categories were marked negative with minor differences. Blacks were more negative than whites in their ratings for mothers in parent's availability and whites were more negative than blacks in ability to meet basic physical needs.
VI. Summary
The only difference found among black women and white women was in organization, availability of parents and parent's ability to meet basic needs. A cultural framework stressing values and beliefs may explain racial differences.
The study was limited to second generation US born subjects to minimize ethnic differences. Hence findings cannot be generalized to families who recently migrated to the United States.
Boyd-Franklin, N. (2003). Black families in therapy: Understanding the African American experience. New York: Guilford Press.
Garcia-Coll, C.T., Meyer, E.C., & Brillon, L. (1995). Ethnic and minority parenting. In M.H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting Vol. 2, Biology and ecology of parenting (pp 189-209). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Moos, R.H., & Moos, B.S. (1981). Family Environment Scale Manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
Patterson, E.T., Charles, H.L., Woodward, W.A., Roberts, W.R., & Penk, W.E. (1981). Differences in measures of personality and family environment among Black and White alcoholics. Journal of Consulting and Counseling Psychology, 49, 1-9.
Nobles, W. (2004). African philosophy: Foundations of Black psychology. In R. Jones (Ed.), Black psychology (4th ed., pp.47-63). Hampton, VA: Cobb and Henry Press.
Sudarkasa, N. (1988). African American families and family values. In H.P. McAdoo (Ed.), Black Families. (2nd ed., pp. 27-43). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Zikmund, W.G. (2002) Business Research Method, 7th Ed. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Research Paper)
“Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family environment differ

Women, Work and Family

...not wish to work full time. In contrast with men, women have the option to easily leave the work force and assume the work of child caring. It is thus evident that she entirely relies on the concept of women’s preferences in pointing out the heterogeneous working patterns and values of women. However, there are several contradictions in Hakim’s theory because in today’s working environment it is more important to analyze the role of constraints in ascertaining the disparities and their causes. It is not correct to assume that women do not act in homogeneous ways and should thus be divided into different groups. The...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Black women thru history

.... Slavery is a curse whether in case of males of females. Both males and females have struggled against this evil in America. Strong women like Mary Mcleod Bethune and Harriet Tubman have set example for others. Sometimes race and gender get in the way of each other. Like the fight for the liberation of women, race caused the problem of sexism to be that much harder to be taken care of. The different races, black and white, wanted to solve such different issues that it made it very hard for women to unify into one group. Overall, the struggle for equal rights for women was much more complex due to the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Immigrant and Black Women Status in Workplace

...claim their wages. The women who worked in the same type of work as their male counterparts earned lower wages than men did. The black women participated in heavy field labor that the Canadian natives could not work in. The immigrants faced a lot of discrimination and social prejudice from the employers’ suppressive policies. This made the employment status of the immigrant and black women uncertain3. During the late 1700s and early 1800s, the Industrial Revolution profoundly changed the conditions under which immigrant and black women worked. Industrial Revolution shifted the workplace away from farms, where men and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Popular images of black women

...of mammy in movie roles (Vaz 98–104). Partly, women engage in these acts due to the expectations of the society and such expectations can be quite limiting and soul crashing. So long as women are not decided on doing what is right for them, they will always face such discrimination. In Harris-Perry’s notion of “black women standing in a crooked room,” Janie is one such woman who decides to curve a life that suits her life desires, and refuses to be intimidated by the society. The argument is when placed in a crooked environment, one has the right and discretion to find their way out in terms of what is good for them (Harris-Perry 13). In...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Women's Studies. Black women

...with very clear demands: "We do not ask that any one of our people shall be put into a position because he is a colored person, but we do most emphatically ask that he shall not be kept out of a position because he is a colored person" (Collected Black Women's Narratives., 37). Moreover, she emphasized on elementary education along with teaching strategies. She believed in respecting the students and specifically instructed the teachers to give only positive punishment. She said about penalty "should always be administered in a kind spirit" and should be "reasonable" so that "a child's sense of justice would agree with it" (Collected Black...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Students perceptions of women in advertising commercials

...choose not to respond or are unable to respond, perhaps due to language or literacy difficulties, may differ from those who do respond (A.J. Veal, 2006). After taking both methods into consideration, the self-administrated questionnaire approach was preferred for this research project as it is the more practical approach. Respondents were asked to fill in a structured questionnaire which only took a portion of their time and therefore did not require an intense commitment. Because all participants were given the same structured question, this ensured reliability of results; which, when dealing with such an issue as opinions of women in advertising, a subjective topic that relies...
49 Pages(12250 words)Coursework

Perceptions of Childhood

... Volume124 Issue12 p 5. Kramer, R. (1988) Maria Montessori: A Biography. Wokingham, England: Addison-Wesley Publishing Lillard, A.S. (2005) Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Polito, T. (1995) "Frederick Froebel's illuminations on kindergarten children's relatedness to nature." Education Winter 1995 Volume 116 Issue 2 p 223. Sheridan, M.D., Harding, J. and Meldon-Smith, L. (2002) Play in Early Childhood: From Birth to Six Years London: Routledge. Sherman, C. (1999) "Debate Continues Over Early Brain Development." Family Practice News, November 15, 1999 Volume 29 Issue 22 p 44... How did ideas about the needs of the child influence the development of Montessori schools Module No:EM0W03 Assessment...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Women Work and Family

...Women Work and Family Ans It has been observed that media always centers on mothers being excellent or terrible, with instances of terrible mothers including those, who dump their toddlers absconding them at home whilst they go on for holiday, or who inconsiderately put the importance of their individual professions before their toddlers (Marchbank and Letherby, 2007: 304). Since, toddlers typically disrupt mothers more eagerly than they do fathers; mothers characteristically account by no means having in excess of ten uninterrupted minutes at any phase of child-nurture (Duffy, Mandell and Pupo, 1989: 35). There are a number of women in reformatory who willingly stop considering their toddlers telling them they are in sanatorium... of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Women in the Black Church

...that women were never allowed to come closer to. This male empowerment has existed for years in spite of the fact that it was seemingly impossible without the critical involvement of the black women. (Green, 2003) BACKGROUND From slavery to the Civil rights movement the African legacy has been full of endeavors. The Civil rights movement in the US has often been traced back to the Black Church. The way the blacks were being deprived of their right to live like the whites and the racial discrimination that they were facing was all thought of to have bought out into the streets after being bought up in the black church...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Society's Perception of Black Women

...perception of the black woman. Whitney and Greenwald (2013) conclude that as long as the images that depict women bodies negatively instead of those that celebrate, then the adverse effects will last. 2.4 Relationship between the black woman stereotypes and societies perception of black women. Plous & Williams (2005) were interested in measuring the activity and the influence of slavery on the current beliefs and stereotypes. They lamented the lack of facts on the subject. They argue that public opinions do not reflect the racial stereotypes. They, however, found an analysis that stipulated there was a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Black women and white women: do perceptions of childhood family environment differ for FREE!

Contact Us