Nobody downloaded yet

Ethical Obligations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
There exist many theories concerning the factors which hold it in their power to motivate a human to act in accordance with principles which are customarily referred to as ethical obligations. The most universal of these, which has been called self interest or self-love by many great philosophers, is the most basal of motivations…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
Ethical Obligations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ethical Obligations"

Download file to see previous pages Rather, humans are able to determine courses of action which will benefit the sum whole of humanity and to perform those behaviors which, in their assessment, create the greatest general good regardless of the personal good created.
The tendency of humans to perform these actions is called benevolence. Finally, there exists a third motivating factor, which must be taken into account to form a proper moral theory; this third factor will be called obligation. Obligation is the result of the social nature of humans. Suffice to say, for now, that obligations are the motivations to perform actions which result from explicit promises regarding what behavior one will engage in.
Obligations have been a key aspect of many influential moral theories. Several great philosophers have heavily relied on the concept of obligations in their moral theories. Perhaps most notably are the ideas of contracts or covenants in Hobbes' Leviathan and Hume's discussion of promises in Of the Obligation of Promises. Both of these philosophers, as well as many others, have developed theories in such a way so as to incorporate obligations, though they often refer to them by another nomenclature, into them.
Hobbes relies heavy on obligations, or covenants as he refers to them. According to Hobbes humans in the state of nature realize that it is in their best interest to each relinquish rights to others so as to establish some social order to escape from the aforementioned state of nature. These relinquishments of rights by an individual to another individual or to the group as a whole are covenants. Hobbes asserts that these covenants are brought about by two principles he claims to be laws of nature: "[t]hat every man, ought to endeavor Peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek, and use, all helps, and advantages of War," and, "[t]hat a man be willing, when others are so too, as far-forth, as for Peace, and defense of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself." It follows, then, that in so far as one entering a covenant will foster peace and the person with whom one is entering the covenant is equally willing to relinquish rights the covenant existence of covenants is dictated by the laws of nature.
It is from these covenants that Hobbes seems to believe obligation arise. Hobbes has the following to say concerning the obligation created by entering a covenant: "he that is to perform in time to come, being trusted, his performance is called Keeping Of Promise, or Faith; and the failing of performance (if it be voluntary) Violation Of Faith." It is clear that Hobbes believes that entering into these covenants does in fact create an obligation and that one should endeavor to fulfill one's obligations. (Wilson, 2003) Hobbes puts such importance on the concept of obligation that he offers the creation and fulfillment of obligations as the only way to escape from the nearly unbearable state that is his conception of the state of nature. Despite his being on the right track in placing such importance on ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Ethical Obligations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Ethical Obligations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from
(Ethical Obligations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Ethical Obligations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words.
“Ethical Obligations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Ethical Obligations

Law of Obligations unilaterally alter the terms of the new agreement. Their actions may even be deemed undue pressure. However, as demonstrated in D & C Builders Ltd. undue pressure has little or no consequences. The main issue is whether or not the parties should be compelled to adhere to their promise. The consequences of promissory estoppel are therefore that, contracts will be enforced in circumstances where there is no consideration.22 This is because the doctrine of promissory estoppel is an equitable principle which operates to hold parties to their obligations in cases where a promise is made and the promisee relies on that promise. Conventional wisdom dictates that permitting a party to renege on a promise in cases where the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Ethical obligations

...? Ethical Obligations ID Lecturer Public administrators have a clear cut task on their hands. They are responsible for bring accountable and answerable to the public and hence the reporting element keeps them on their toes on a proactive basis. What these public administrators do in essence is to remain one step ahead of the thinking dynamics that common man and woman on the street possess. They think more on the lines of public interest, activities geared to safeguard the rights of the general people, administrative cohesion, and so on and so forth. Hence there is a great amount of responsibility that goes within their working basis. They know that if they falter, there is someone else to take their seat...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Defend your view of the ethical obligations of advertisers to consumers

...? Defend your view of the ethical obligations of advertisers to consumers Advertising bottle water as different than tap water is not ethically permissible. The advertisement ‘same as Different’ highlights the ethical concerns regarding the promotion of bottled water. It is a non-commercial advertisement, in the terms that important information is provided to the public on water, as a good available to all people. There is no aim to promote a particular product/ service. In the above advertisement it is explained that bottled water is not different than the tap water – in fact bottled water can be worse than tap water. The above advertisement includes the facts supporting the above argument. Because of these facts, it is suggested... the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Aerobic Zumba paper for a sports student and linked to a lesson plan

6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper


...Introduction "An obligation is a requirement to take some of action. It can be legal or moral. There are also obligations in other normativecontexts, such as obligations of etiquette, social obligations, and possibly the In terms of politics, obligations are requirements that are to fulfill. These are generally in the form of legal obligations, which incur a penalty for lack of fulfillment, although certain people are obliged to carry out certain actions for other reasons as well, which can be due to tradition or social reasons. Obligations vary from person to person, for example, a person holding a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Ethical and Moral Obligations of Consensual Sex in The Workplace

...Consensual Sex in the workplace is something that happens all the time irrespective or rank, status or power. While sexual harassment is accepted as a serious problem in workplaces, consensual sex is still a much-debated issue. There are no clear legal guidelines and employers have to frame their own policies to deal with the issue. Besides affecting the careers of the people involved in the relationship, consensual sex can affect co-workers, families and even the very organization in which employs them. Is it possible to isolate personal and professional lives What can be the ethical and moral consequences of consensual sex And Can Consensual sex be a form of sexual harassment These are the questions this study has...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay


...Obligations: Case Studies Involving European Contract Act Case Study The relevant law with regard to this case is the Contract Act with reference to Offer and Acceptance of agreements, verbal or written. An Offer could be said to be an expression of willingness to contract on certain terms, made with the intention that it shall become binding, as soon as it is accepted by the person to who it is addressed, the offeree. (Offer). Further, it could be said that an offer, consisting of a promise to pay someone if the offeree performs certain works, which the offerree, would not otherwise be doing, may be accepted when the offerree performs the stipulated act, instead of the mere promise by the offeree, to do the act. The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Concept of Ethical Obligations

...The Concept of Ethical Obligations Timothy Smith Modern Public Administration The Concept of Ethical Obligation The paper is focused on the concept of ethical obligation in a specific institution which is the Central Intelligence Agency during the leadership of George Tenet. The main objective is to identify the dilemmas he experienced, assess his leadership abilities, analyze his ethical concerns and priorities and determine his contributions to the institution Ethical Dilemmas George Tenet Faced George Tenet is the Central Intelligence Agency director from 1997 to 2004 which is considered as one of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study

Conflicting Obligations

...of a situation and classifying the negatives and the positives of the situation. When reconciling conflicting obligations, one has to identify the beneficial and the grave of each of the conflicting obligations. One should look at the positive consequences in choosing any of the obligations, and if the obligation chosen fulfills the intended purpose. The consequence of choosing an obligation varies from person to person, and hence, one chooses an obligation that best fits his or her consequence. We should avoid both relativism and absolutism because they both have weaknesses. They both contradict each other, in that absolutism and...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment


...OBLIGATIONS A: Formation of a Contract Case Study Introduction A contract refers to a legal relationship that subsists between two or more parties with a lawful object voluntarily entered by the parties having legal obligations between them.1 There should be a proof of achievement of all elements of a contract in writing, orally or by conducts of the parties. Under the modern commercial contracts, negotiations have been regarded as inevitable due to a complexity of contract relationships.2 Adequate negotiation is essential in order to enable the contracting parties to explore all necessary details of a possible future contractual relationship.3 In the milieu of lengthy negotiations between the contracting...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ethical Obligations for FREE!

Contact Us