F. Taylor's motivation theory. Frederick Taylor was obviously the first to combine business practice with significant theoretical findings. Taylor assumed that material side is not the major motivational factor of employees. Instead, people need to have a comprehensive motivation in order to work more effectively…
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Besides, Taylor was the first to identify other than material the needs of the employees and tried to include them into motivational process. Among the other, he hired doctors, nurses and psychologists to his company (Miner, 2005). 4
Maslow's theory of motivation: a revolution in organizational science. During 1950s the diverse approaches to human nature were united into a broad organizational approach. This period was the heyday of organizational science as during that time major concepts that motivation were developed. The most important of such theories is obviously Abraham Maslow's (1954) theory of motivation. Maslow's "hierarchy of needs" provided a framework for analysis why people work and how they may be motivated in the best way (McShane and Von Glinow, 2001). 6
Goal-setting theory, developed by Edwin Locke and Gary Latham, implies that the goals are the most important factors affecting the motivation and behaviour of employees. This theory emphasizes the importance of specific and challenging goals in achieving motivated behaviour. Specific goals, observing Locke and Latham, usually imply quantitative targets that motivate people to work more effectively. These goals are usually rather achievable, though not easy to achieve. Challenging goals, in their turn, are difficult but not impossible to attain. Empirical research supports the proposition that goals that are both specific and challenging are more motivational than vague goals or goals that are relatively easy to achieve (Miner, 2005; McShane and Von Glinow, 2001). 9
Several factors moderate the relationship between specific and challenging goals as well as with high levels of motivation, i.e.: 10
Goal commitment, which means that the more dedicated an individual is to achieve the goal, the more he/she will be motivated to exert effort toward goal accomplishment. 10
Self-efficacy that is an employee's belief that he/she can successfully complete a particular task. If individuals have a high degree of self-efficacy, they are likely to respond more positively to specific and challenging goals than if they have a low degree of self-efficacy (Miner, 2005; McShane and Von Glinow, 2001). 10
FACTORS AND PROCESSES THAT AFFECT EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION IN ORGANIZATION
Effective motivation is a corner stone of organizational functioning, development, competitiveness and, yet, effectiveness. Over the past decades, the way in which people are managed, promoted and stimulated at workplaces has become a primary key to assess and improve organizational efficiency and marketability and became a part of a general organizational strategy.
In terms of globalization and rapidly changing business environment, as well as growing competitiveness on the market modern companies increasingly need to rely rather of skilled and motivated employees then on pure technologies and products. As Steve Jobs, CEO of legendary Apple Computers states, "in terms when technologies may be
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(Employee Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Employee Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/people/1529330-employee-motivation.
What drives people to work is very essential and related to the output of a particular organization. If the employees find satisfaction in the reason for their contribution in an organization, then the outcome of their efforts also improves. Emloyees with good reasons to work or those motivated to work usually out perform their less motivated counterparts.
Employee motivation plays a significant role in the process of production. A reliable human resource depends on the way the organisations treats and reward them. According to Donna (2007) apart from rewards the human resource needs to be in a comfortable position to carry out daily company operations.
It is like producing a one whole show, with all the actors, the stage design, the script, the directing all planned and executed to make a successful performance.
The old guys say, "It all depends on the manager." In the traditional sense, managers had the absolute say in man's activities, most specifically in business.
The author of the essay presents some motivation schemes on a particular example with the assistance, Jonathan. Moreover, it is believed that satisfaction received from performing some job comes from achievement, recognition, advancement, responsibility, the work itself, and knowledge of the growth possibilities.
Theory X workers are naturally lazy and need help in performing essential work tasks. For these people, work is considered to be a chore rather than a pleasure. Organizations that rely upon the notion of theory X are more likely to be rigid and
There are a number of ways for a company to motivate its employees, but the main similarity in all these methods is that they strive to make the employee feel that the effort he/she puts into their work will not only benefit the company alone
salaries they are paid is not equal to the amount of hard work and effort they invest in their work, then employees will experience a decline in their motivation (Gitman 243). This is a theory that I as a manager would follow in order to motivate my workforce. Benefits,
This tactical process will require a good amount of time, patience and dedication along side mutual understanding and cooperation from each organizational member.
Standardized procedures must be followed in order to gain acceptance from each member; especially the employees.
As the paper declares management Guru Peter Drunker came up with a theory called management by objective. Under this theory, return per worker is measured based on an employee’s ability to deliver on set metrics. An employee’s emotional aspects to performance are excluded from this approach to management.
The researcher analyzes Maslow theory and his five types of needs, which are triggered in a hierarchical way starting from the lowest to the highest. In employee motivation, the theory has made great impact in the field of organizational behavior and management in the way it has encouraged workers.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
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