What Is The Relationship Between Whiteness And Racism?
Identities are fluid and in a constant state of motion. Western society has a shameful and recent legacy of slavery and is a country stratified by race, gender and class. …
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Western society has a shameful and recent legacy of slavery and is a country stratified by race, gender and class. For some, like renowned African American author, scholar and social activist, bell hooks, the United States is a country with a strong tradition of institutionalized racism which permeates all aspects of modern America society (see hooks' Ain't I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism, 1981). Importantly as well, the United Kingdom has a colonial legacy in which racist ideas about civilisation governed its colonial conquests. For many in the UK as well as in the United States, racism is an ever-present aspect of the social condition and is built upon a rigid social code, a white/black binary which has its roots in a belief that whiteness is superior to all other types of skin tones. The following will explore racism today and the relationship between whiteness and race in modern society....
variety of factors can account for this disparity, low birth weight remains the most prominent cause of a higher infant mortality rate amongst black babies. In fact, black babies in America have a 300% greater likelihood of being born with a low birthrate relative to their white counterparts. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention found a variety of socio-economic causes for the phenomenon of low birth weight, including poverty, poor nutrition, a lack of knowledge about pregnancy and the challenges associated with it, and access to proper medical facilities. The disparity in black-white successful birth ratios in America thus can be attributed to social forces and socio-economic differences amongst black and white Americans (Carmichal and Iyasu, 1998; Kogan, 1997)
Binary Logic of Race
The binary logic of race is inherently hierarchical and people of mixed racial parentage or individuals who are bi-racial are somewhere in-between the artificial and socially constructed binary so pervasive in modern American society. How do mulatto people identify within the rigid constraints of the racial binary How is racial identity redefined by individuals who, through no fault of the own, do not fit into the supposedly neat and compact racial categories society seeks to impose on them Most importantly, how are people who are mulatto freed from the binary concept of race and how do these people define their own unique racial identities Seeking to answer these questions and further analyze the social construction of identity today, this essay will discuss readings from Reddy, Walker, Senna and Williams with an eye to the social construction of race and racial identity. The specific focus will be on how the artificial binaries of race and race hierarchy are navigated and
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This can primarily be attributed to education. As people have started to seek education, they have started to realize their individualistic and collective rights. This has consequentially increased their sensitivity towards behaviors that are racists, thus making racism a potential issue of the contemporary society.
Within this scenario, the evolution of race to racism is interesting and fascinating. Race can be defined as the division among human beings which carries unique identity and individuality. The historical relation between race and racism is interconnected with the origin, growth and development of human society.
Darwinism encourages a ruthless system filled with self-interests and intolerance to treatment of other individuals (Dickens 2000, p. 54). Sometimes, Darwinism incorporates the beliefs of socialists who believe that individuals can rise through the natural law of selection and create their own utopian society.
People within a community share a number of physical and behavioral traits that could make them distinctive and could help others in identifying the group with which they affiliate. When people have little or no knowledge about the customs and values of members of other groups they often identify that person by their group membership.
American society has a shameful and recent legacy of slavery and is a country stratified by race, gender and class. For some, like renowned African American author, scholar and social activist, bell hooks, the
Logic employed on computers are binary by nature as well. One may find it convenient to interpret the two discrete values as two different integers, or analogously, as the two truth values namely “true” or “false”. This concept
Further, it includes the relationships of people with their social group, families and societies and the status that they have achieved from their society. (Katz). Racial identity is usually carried through genes and is inherited from the ancestors. So, it