Danzy Senna calls it the “age of fluidity” and children of mixed race – people who have one parent who is black, while the other white, Asian any combination of the three – have a unique perspective on race, racial…
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States is a country with a strong tradition of institutionalized racism which permeates all aspects of modern America society (see hooks’ Ain’t I a Woman?: Black Women and Feminism, 1981). For many in America racism is an ever-present aspect of the social condition and is built upon a rigid social code, a white/black binary which has its roots in early American settlement and the shameful tradition of slavery in the New World.
What are the effects of racism and sexism on the lives of people today? In American society there is a definite health disparity in the country as non-whites report a lower level of overall health and access to healthcare. The American Journal of Preventive Medicine undertook a substantial quantitative analysis of the infant mortality rates between black and white infants and found that a disparity in this important social indicator does in fact exist. Accordingly, this respected journal found that the black-white infant mortality ratio has persisted for decades and has even increased in recent times. In 1960, the black-white infant mortality ratio stood a 2.0, but twenty years later this figure had risen to 2.4. Why such a disparity? What are the causes of such dramatic differences in the likelihood that a newborn black child would not live to see his or her first birthday in comparison to a white child? This study determined that while a variety of factors can account for this disparity, low birth weight remains the most prominent cause of a higher infant mortality rate amongst black babies. In fact, black babies in America have a 300% greater likelihood of being born with a low birthrate relative to their white counterparts. The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention found a variety of socio-economic causes for the phenomenon of low birth weight, including poverty, poor nutrition, a lack of knowledge about pregnancy and the challenges associated with it, and access to proper medical facilities. The disparity in
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According to Nanda and Warms,the study of anthropology is “the scientific and humanistic study of human beings”.They go on to further qualify this definition by stating that anthropology “encompasses the evolutionary history of humanity,physical variation among humans,the study of past societies,and the comparative study of current-day human societies and cultures
Majority of the African-Americans that are now in the United States are descendants from slaves who were either kidnapped or sold to foreigners or were captured as prisoners of war by Europeans and Americans during the early part of the 17th Century. According to Gomez (1998), the first African-Americans came to the country in 1619 when they were brought to Jamestown, Virginia as slaves to the English settlers.
Within this scenario, the evolution of race to racism is interesting and fascinating. Race can be defined as the division among human beings which carries unique identity and individuality. The historical relation between race and racism is interconnected with the origin, growth and development of human society.
Even though racism is abolished by law in many parts of the world, still the elements of racism can be witnessed everywhere in the world. It is difficult to define racism in few words since the word racism has so many contrasting meanings. “Used in the most diverse senses, the terms “racism” and “racist” become prepackaged formulas, generating stereotypes”(De Benoist, p,12).
More than 3 million youth graduate annually from high schools across the United States (Welner andWendy 58). However, approximately 65,000 of these are undocumented students (59). These belong to what is known as 1.5 generation. 1.5 refers to the first generation of immigrants who were brought to the United States when they were young.
Is Race Real? Racism as a construct for demographic and socio-political analysis is increasingly being contested. Today, urbanization has become the norm due to process of industrialization, and cities are getting very cosmopolitan. This makes it necessary that people from so called ‘different races’ cohabit and cooperate to achieve their shared objectives.
Even the Second World War and the resulting genocide was a result of the supposed superiority of the Aryan Race. Clearly in both wars, the concept of Race was at play. Negroes were differentiated from the whites and was made to look as savages to the point of dehumanizing them.
Anthropology is the general study of human ways of life. Anthropologists study different human race to help them understand why some consider themselves superior over others. Racism applies mainly in physical
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