StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Language Acquisition Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Being the highest creatures on earth, human beings are endowed with the power of language to verbally communicate with each other. It is a facility that enables each individual to bring out inner workings of his mind for others to respond to.
JAMES (age 4) was listening to a Bible story…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Language Acquisition Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Language Acquisition Theories"

Download file to see previous pages A great deal of a child's acquisition of linguistic structure occurs during the first five years of life. This is the period when he is most active in discerning a set of underlying organizational principles of language from the expression that surrounds him. It is amazing how at a very young age, he is capable of abstracting meaning from direct experience with other language users depending on his own context.
Lindfors (1987) notes that the child's language environment includes a set of specific sentences, however, it is not this set of sentences that he acquires, but deduces from these an underlying set of organizational principles and sound-meaning relationships. To illustrate, children as young as two do not talk by simply using the specific sentences they hear, but rather, they construct sentences according to their own early version of organized principles underlying the specific sentences they have heard. Perhaps due also limited language and motor skills, the child's early linguistic system is different from the adult's and results in telegraphic and grammatically erratic sentences like "He no want to sit me.", "I not like it", and "He gived it to me."
Over time, his language system will be revised in many different situations, and his sentences will become more adult-like. For his own purpose, he builds his own rule-governed constructions as he has deduced from his environment. (Lindfors, 1987)
There have been many theories conceptualized as to how language is acquired by human beings. Lindfors (1987) claims, "Virtually every child, without special training, exposed to surface structures of language in many interaction contexts, builds for himself - in a short period of time and at an early stage in his cognitive development - a deep-level, abstract, and highly complex system of linguistic structure and use. "( 90) This implies that every child is capable of learning language. The question is, how do they'
Two proponents of theories of language acquisition have opposing views on the matter: B.F. Skinner, the father of Behaviorism, a psychologist and Noam Chomsky, a linguist. Their theories shall be discussed independently at first, and then contrasted later.
Skinner's Behaviorist Model of language acquisition is consistent with the rules of operant conditioning, based upon a stimulus-response model. Simply put, infants are presented with language which they imitate. They are rewarded for their imitations so they continue to repeat what they have heard. Their imitation does not have to be exact or immediate in order for them to make use of it in learning language. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Language Acquisition Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/people/1523314-language-acquisition-theories
(Language Acquisition Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/people/1523314-language-acquisition-theories.
“Language Acquisition Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/people/1523314-language-acquisition-theories.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Language Acquisition Theories

Wittgenstein's Approach and Domestic Model of Learning Language Acquisition Theories

... represents a rationale of the lesson on healthy and unhealthy food groups as an aspect of language acquisition. The main objective of a lesson rationale is to provide a logical basis for discussion as well as explaining the lesson worthiness to the students. Various lesson rationales vary in terms of how the students find them convincing. According to O’Donnell, Reeve & Smith (2011), students find lesson rationales that connect the lesson with their future goals and strivings to be more satisfying and convincing. In this lesson rationale, I compare and contrast two major language acquisition theories used to inform a lesson. In this lesson rationale, I also explain the influence the observation of my mentor teachers may have on my lesson...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Language Acquisition

...How do different theories of language acquisition evaluate the importance of parental feedback in the development of linguistic skills Grade Course Tutor's Name 10 Dec 2008 INTRODUCTION Language acquisition has been defined as the process through which learners, and more so infants, acquire the ability to speak in a new language. The seemingly effortless ability of children to acquire the ability to speak a language without formally attending any language classes has always been a matter of intrigue, thereby making language acquisition one of the most researched and most controversial topics of cognitive science (Pinker, language acquisition). Even before they turn one, babies are able to understand the meaning of words...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Theories of Language Acquisition

... Theories of Language Acquisition Introduction Linguistics refers to the scientific way of studying languages. It also describes about real living language and the way in which people use it. It not only concerns about structure of language but also reflects the social and cultural history of a society. It also plays crucial role in promoting or enhancing the efficacy of teaching programmmes. Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill. Real language acquisition develops slowly, and speaking skills emerge significantly later than listening skills. It is also dependent on knowledge of local linguistic situation. The best methods are therefore those...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

The Theories Of Language Acquisition

...The Theories Of Language Acquisition Introduction There are numerous theories that have, and continue to try, to explain language acquisition. The theory of language acquisition has been greatly influenced by linguists and psychologists (Kiymazarslan, 2001). Theories have centered on the “nature/nurture” debate. A nurture view considers that knowledge comes from personal experience of interaction with the environment (empiricism). Whereas a nurture approach considers knowledge to be innate, genetic endowment. Contemporary theories differed in their degree of attributing language acquisition to both nature and nurture. There is also another debate relevant to language acquisition and which also differentiates theories...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Theories of Language Acquisition

...Introduction There are numerous theories that have, and continue to try, to explain language acquisition. The theory of language acquisition has been greatly influenced by linguists and psychologists (Kiymazarslan, 2001). Theories have centered on the “nature/nurture” debate. A nurture view considers that knowledge comes from personal experience of interaction with the environment (empiricism). Whereas a nurture approach considers knowledge to be innate, genetic endowment. Contemporary theories differed in their degree of attributing language acquisition to both nature and nurture. There is also another debate relevant to language acquisition and which also differentiates theories - to what degree is language a separate process...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Porter nd Kotler's Theories

UK consumers аre the biggest spenders per cаpitа on clothing in the EU. While the import аnd export mаrket increаsed over the yeаrs, locаl production fell rаpidly by аpproximаtely 1 bn pounds. Аs а result of these figures it is obvious thаt the British fаshion industry is highly dependent on other countries’ textile.

А lаrge number of British consumers hаve becаme more price-sensitive under the slogаn ‘look good-pаy less’ however some consumers аre willing to buy higher-priced аnd exclusive clothing. The number of millionаires in the UK increаsed by more thаn 80% between 2001(230000) аnd 2004(425000) (Finch, 2007). This leаds to luxury аnd strong brаnd аwаreness. Аlthough the formаl weаr is more аnd mo...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Merger and Acquisition in Airline Industry

Over the last two decades, there has been a profound shift in thinking about the role that people play in the success of the business, with a growing view that the management of people is a key organizational capability and one, which should be highly integrated with the strategic aims of the business. A cornerstone of this notion of International human resource management is the creation of linkage or integration between the overall strategic aims of the business and the human resource strategy and implementation. Despite new and increasing challenges, the global industry facilitates economic growth, global trade, and international tourism and continues to restructure, develop and adapt to counter them such as through mergers and...
20 Pages(5000 words)Case Study

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

...Do meta-cognitive Language Learning Strategies assist in the SLA of listening comprehension? Learning Disabilities Even though most researchers agreeabout the characteristics of learning disabilities, there is a disagreement about what should or should not be included in the definition of learning disabilities. While there is some agreement about these general topics, there is continued disagreement in the field about diagnostic criteria, assessment practices, treatment procedures, and educational policies for learning disabilities. A number of influences have contributed to these disagreements, which in turn, have made it difficult to build a generalized body of scientific and clinical knowledge about learning disabilities. Furthermore...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Traditional Theories of Leadership

They now focus more on doing things whilst thinking about the times that will follow; building upon their strengths and aiming to address the grey areas. The eventual emphasis within the modern theories of leadership has been centered on the premise of bringing about a change that remains abreast of the times that will come ahead (Lynch, 2006). Changing the dynamic mindset of the organizational processes and behaviors is a significant undertaking and this has rightly been pointed out by these modern theories under the leadership tenet. The visionary role of leadership has made things easier, focused on the long term actions and sought clarification from the goal setting and objectives’ regimes (Zaleznik, 1989). The new theor...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Childhood Language Acquisition

The study of language is inherently victim to scientific frustration because of our inability to create language. Indeed, the subject of study is confined to those languages already ensconced into linguistic communities. Children’s acquisition of language is an equally troublesome area of research insofar as children are not subject to the researcher’s manipulation like any other variable Moreover, unlike the ideal variable in the study, a child’s linguistic development does not occur in a vacuum: it coincides temporally with not only physical/motor growth, but also cognitive, perceptual, and social development. In spite of these methodological problems with studying the nature of the language-acquisition process...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Explorations in Language and Meaning

...Although dictionaries exist that claim to offer clear and concise definitions of words, for linguistics the issue involves philosophical concerns: How is objective meaning determined for language? What methods are used to determine the difference between one word and another? Is it possible to say words spelled similarly have different meanings? This essay examines these questions by analyzing the linguistic concepts of Referential Theory, Image Theory, Polysemes, and Homonymys. 1. THEORIES OF MEANING Referential Theory Referential Theory refers to a method of determining linguistic meaning. In this theory, word meaning is determined by everything that can be physically referenced to the word. These connecting words are referred...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Australias Policies on Language and Multiculturalism

The state government is headed by the Premier (Government in Australia n.d.). Each state has its own electoral and educational system (Government in Australia n.d.). Composing the state are smaller political subdivisions or municipalities and run by the local governments called councils (Government in Australia n.d.).
Multiculturalism is an essential element of Australian society since it provides the framework for social goals that foster solidarity and upholds ideas, capacity and economic growth (Multiculturalism 1996). According to the South Australian Multicultural and Ethnic Affairs Commission Act of 1980, multiculturalism refers to the “policies and practices that recognize and respond to the ethnic diversity of t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Theories of Kant and Plato

... Introduction In the second part of the Prolegomena, how does Kant describe the workings of the understanding? What is the role of the understanding, in other words? Immanuel Kant is one of the successful modern philosophers who attempted to reconstruct the fundamentals of philosophy and succeeded to a considerable extent. His remarkable criticisms on the theories of metaphysics were encapsulated and summarized in Prolegomena; it sets forth a specific problem that is resolved with an extensive feasible argument. In the second part of Prolegomena Kant has asked questions on the purity of ‘natural scientific cognition’ which refers to the knowledge of laws based on the natural universal science like “that everything that happens always...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Language Acquisition

...Language Acquisition Language Acquisition Introduction Language changes and develops constantly with time to adapt to the users’ needs (Altintas, Can & Patton 2007, p. 378). In WWI and WWII, English developed with technological advances since new products and experiences were coming into existence and needed new words to refer to and describe them. The developments included lexical, phonetic, spelling, semantic and syntactic changes and they caused languages perceived as high-status to spread and stabilise at the expense of low-status languages. This paper will discuss how soldiers in WWI and WWII changed the way English was formed with particular focus on the letters they wrote letters to their families back home. Through the wide use...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Language Acquisition Theories for FREE!

Contact Us