Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The writer of this essay aims to describe both rationalists and empiricists' arguments in their own fashion in supporting the existence of God. The paper also discusses the arguments using quotes examples analysis…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God"

Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God: Rationalists and Empiricists have both argued in their own fashion in supporting the existence of God. Differences in their views are based on the extent of emphasis each side lays on human sense experience. Empiricists claim the existence of God based on information and knowledge gathered through sense faculties endowed to humans. Rationalists on the other hand knowledge and truth lay outside/independent of human perception, but yet offer support for the existence of God. Rationalists generally develop their view in two ways. “First, they argue that there are cases where the content of our concepts or knowledge outstrips the information that sense experience can provide. Second, they constuct accounts of how reason in some form or other provides that additional information about the world.” (SEP, Aug, 2008) Using this framework, rationalists argue that although no one can claims to have ‘seen’ God, there is enough circumstantial evidence to prove his/her existence. For example, the beauty and splendor of the natural world with its own myriad of complexity and design suggests the existence of a benevolent creator. This is the argument some creationists employ to counter evolutionary biologists’ theories of random genetic mutations. The regularity of natural phenomena such as the rising of the Sun, the waxing and waning of the moon, the presence of other life-forms on earth, are all examples of the work of the omnipresent (yet unobservable) creator or God. Rationalists further argue that the tendency for higher animals to exhibit altruistic behaviour and unconditional love can be taken as more proof. At a broader level, the evil forces in the world need a countervailing positive force in the form of God. Empiricists, on the other hand, present complementary lines of thought. “First, they develop accounts of how experience provides the information that rationalists cite, insofar as we have it in the first place. (Empiricists will at times opt for skepticism as an alternative to rationalism: if experience cannot provide the concepts or knowledge the rationalists cite, then we don't have them.) Second, empiricists attack the rationalists' accounts of how reason is a source of concepts or knowledge.” (SEP, Aug, 2008) According to Empiricists, some of the transcendental experiences that occur to humans, whereby the realm of consciousness if elevated to another higher level is proof enough of God’s existence. Indeed, most such transcendental experiences coincide with a religious event such as prayer or divine music, making the associations between the two quite strong. These divine experiences of God’s presence are not usually grasped through sense organs in the course of daily life, but require special dedication to the faith and divinity for the revelation to occur. Moreover, such revelations are not uniform or homogenized among people, as it has a strong personal flavour attached to it. Since Rationalists deal with generalized ideas and concepts applicable to all human beings, their analytic framework would not be sufficient to account for these individual experiences. And as countless religious faithful assert, they carry a deep, intimate and personal interaction with God, which cannot be verified by rational investigation. References: Rationalism vs. Empiricism, (Aug 6, 2008) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, retrieved from , on 18th June, 2011. Maxwell, Nicholas (1998), The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Anthony Gottlieb (July 18, 1999). "God Exists, Philosophically". The New York Times: Books. Retrieved 2009-12-07. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Describe the Empirical and Rationalistic Arguments for the Existence Essay)
“Describe the Empirical and Rationalistic Arguments for the Existence Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God

God has Ontological Existence

...? God has Ontological Existence The religious philosophers, over the centuries have tried to establish the existence of God and have come up with numerous arguments .Major arguments about His existence are Cosmological, Ontological, Teleological and the Moral Law Argument. The Cosmological Argument comes from the Greek word ‘cosmos’, which means the world. The Cosmological argument states that the universe could not have existed by its own, there must have been some cause that would have made the universe and that cause is God. The...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Existence of God

...? Existence of God Existence of God Even after tremendous advancements in science and technology, still we are unable to unveil the mysteries surrounding the concept of God. Majority of the people in this world believe that nothing can be evolved out of emptiness and all the creations in this universe is the contributions of a superpower called God. At the same time, atheists question this argument. In their opinion, if nothing can be evolved out of emptiness, from where God comes. The arguments both in favor and against the existence of God seem to be...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Arguments for and Against the Existence of God

...(2005) argues that how the philosophy of perfection in existence has been refuted by many scholars such as Kant. Kant (1965) is of the view that human beings cannot know whether there is a God or not. It is neither an argument against the existence of God or in favor of God. Kant refutes to acknowledge any non-empirical knowledge. Overman (2010) argues that God did create this universe. He discusses about Thomas Aquinas who had a mystical experience wherein he gained the knowledge of God and this experience is not unusual as vast array of literatures also exemplifies about the people who...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Arguments for and against the existence of god

...?Arguments for and against the existence of God This is a paper defending theism position. Let us start by defining theism based on the view “that heavens and the earth and all that they contain owe their existence and continuance in existence to the wisdom and will of a supreme, self-consistent, omnipotent, omniscient, righteous, and benevolent being, who is distinct from, and independent of, what he has created” (Nagel’s defense of atheism, p. 598). Atheism is therefore the converse of theism by totally debunking the idea of theistic views concerning the existence of God. Hence, the idea concerning the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The existence of god

...salient critiques of Anselm’s ontological view as well as to provide the reader with the alternate views that philosophers have developed over the years in response to it. Stone asserts that Anselm’s argument purports that God is conceived as the being that supersedes other beings. He purports that God exists in both understanding and reality. This is because if His existence was perceived not to be in reality, another being greater than God could be conceived. Therefore, his argument articulates that God really exists. Gaunilo’s argument uses the model of a perfect...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Existence of God

...Existence of God The four arguments for the existence of God are ontological, which is when God exists if we can argue and conceive this, if we baseour feelings of his existence off of intuition; cosmological, which is the belief that for the universe to exist as it does, then there must have been a God that had created it; teleological, which is when people believe that God exist because of an order and the details of a creation, such as human lives; and the moral argument, which states that there could be no morality without God. Out of these four arguments, the one that I find the most convincing is the ontological argument. I feel that this argument is the strongest because it is the one that is seen most often, especially... in a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Arguments against the existence of God

...Arguments against the Existence of God Theologians, philosophers, scientists and ordinary people have for thousands of years proposed the arguments against and for the existence of God. Depending on which school of thought one subscribes to, an array of arguments exists which can be classified as logical, empirical, subjective or metaphysical. Arguments for the existence of God have been proposed by popular philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, Descartes who claimed that the existence of a benevolent...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Existence of God

...are a staunch believer of God. You rejected my argument, terming it logically fallacious, saying there is a supreme being that controls our existence, and nature. You continued to say that everything that happens does so for a reason, and the reason is God. That was brilliant and so enlightening. Introducing the fallacies of appeal of faith, I stated that if you do not have faith you could not learn about God and His mysteries. Faith relies on belief and does not base on any evidence, depends on irrationalism in thinking. This implies that, if you do not believe in God, then you surely cannot learn about him. I am not a believer but...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Existence of God

...Full St. Anselm’s claims that God exists because people are thought about Him and have been talking about Him for manygenerations now. It may be absurd to think about this but that is St’ Anselm’s argument. That the fact that God has been in the minds of people for many ages now, only shows that He exists. He argues that we cannot think of something that does not exist or that which is not possible. Even if we think that God does not exist, the mere thought of God already proves that He must be there somewhere otherwise we would not have thought about Him. This proposition, while it makes some sense, can be questioned in terms of its physical evidence. 2. One cannot put soil in a container and expect it to someday become a house... in the...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Arguments about God's existence

...that a hypothesis can hold a truth value. Therefore, the hypothesis can be a fact or a general truth as depicted by the evidence. The explanation about the existence of God is a subject that has been posited by several theoretical explanations. Some of the arguments and explanations that have been used by scholars to describe the existence of God include the cosmological argument (Taylor, 113), the teleological argument, and the ontological explanations. This paper discuses the teleological perspective that tries to explain the existence of God. it focuses on the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Describe the empirical and rationalistic arguments for the existence of God for FREE!

Contact Us