2 April 2011 Phaedo-Wisdom and the Soul and Socrates about to Die in Plato- The Last Days of Socrates Of all the living souls in the universe, contemplation of thoughts and propensity to reason is the prodigy of the only few. Since ages philosophers have been striving to decipher mental capabilities of man and his power of reasoning interpreting extent of the same in each individual and what separates them apart…
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The execution of Socrates has been postponed as the ritual of sending the ship to Delos was in process. It was a tradition among Athenians to send the decorated ship to Delos to commemorate their victory over Minotaur and to honor the god Apollo, and during this period no execution could take place. The philosophical discourse takes place between Socrates and Crito as he is confined in his cell waiting for the death sentence and all his friends are near him. Socrates explains that life of the true philosopher is spent in the “practice of dying”, aspiring to achieve wisdom and rational thoughts “for release from the confining pressures of the body and its appetites (Cottingham 127).” And if relieved entirely from the palatable desires and physical pleasures, it will allow the soul to become truly itself. Against the background of the Orphic and Pythagorean faith, Socrates believes in the immortality of soul and physical death as a means of liberation. People are considered as the chattels of God, and are not considered as free to enter into the afterlife by killing themselves.
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(“Read Phaedo-Wisdom and the Soul and Socrates about to Die in Plato: Essay”, n.d.)
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(Read Phaedo-Wisdom and the Soul and Socrates about to Die in Plato: Essay)
“Read Phaedo-Wisdom and the Soul and Socrates about to Die in Plato: Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1414180-read-phaedo-wisdom-and-the-soul-and-socrates-about.
While Socrates indicates that suicide is negative action, individuals should not fear death as the soul is an element of the transcendent universe. Rather the dying the soul actually becomes attached from the body and in the individual’s life true wisdom is achieved through progressively detaching one’s soul from their earthly bodies.
Aristotle was a student of Plato and a teacher of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, and his works covered almost every aspect that affects human life from government to biology. He is considered, along with Socrates and Plato to be among the founding fathers of Western philosophy.
The former is the body that perishes upon death while the latter is the soul that lives after death thus giving assurance of unending life after death. This is a purely theistic argument. The soul does not die but the body dies. 1. Abstract: Summary or overview of the paper 2.
He also argued that sans laws, he would not be who he was. Laws, in other words, had an authority of a paternal nature over him. He also decided that he had an implied contract with Athens. Finally, he also argued that staying in prison was better since he could not find any happiness easily in any other part of Greece.
For example, Ivan says that ‘Death is finished’ an indication of the spiritual death which characterized his whole life. When Ivan died, Pyotr Ivanovich said ‘I thought somehow that he’d never get up from his bed again’ an indication of how people around him were prepared for Ivan’s death (Tolstoy 88).
Plato's arguments were based on supposition; with an abstract form of deductive reasoning, one formulated a premise then sought confirmation of that premise in the material world. He was highly suspicious of empirical thought and observation and he dismissed the notion that anything of value in terms of truth could be found in the material world.