Topic: Somalia Name of student Lecturer Date of presentation Somalia, a country located in the Horn of Africa remains one of the most politically volatile countries in the world. Since Somali President Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991, the political and socioeconomic environment in the country collapsed…
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The international community has on many occasions tried to establish a democratic Somali, the most recent being the Transition Federal Government(TFG) that was overrun by the Union of Islamic Courts(UIC) in 2006. Just as in the previous administration, TFG was plagued by intense power struggles among the different factions and clans that eventually undermined its objectives of democratizing the country. Since then, Somali remains a failed state characterized by unstructured rules by Islamic factions and more piracy in the high seas (Samatar, 1991, p9). In order to transform the country from the current state to a democratic country, high sense of patriotism and nationalism among all Somali clans should be established so that they can tolerate each other and respect the rule of law. According to Laitin (1977, pp26-29), establishing a constitution that has the support of the majority people is a fundamental requirement for establishing democracy in a country. Equally important, the constitution should be enforced by independent and strong institutional framework where rule of the land reigns over personal or specific groups.
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(“Somalia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(Somalia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Somalia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1409884-somalia.
But in a country like Somalia, this is not the case. The failure to have a stable governance since last few decades, the resulting chaos and the extreme poverty which has become the reality of an average Somali citizen have taken their toll on the realization of a modern society in this country1.
Somalia is the result of Great Britain’s withdrawal from what was known as British Somaliland in 1960. Somalia is in an arid region of the world and while it sees rain, is generally considered to be in a desert. The climate itself lends to the problems currently being experienced by those people who live within its borders.
In December of 1990 the capital city Mogadishu was under turmoil and fighting. In 1991 the Somali State collapsed under Siad Barre and he was forced out of the city of Mogadishu. (Ould-Abdallah, 2008). Since that time the country has been in further turmoil and disruption without any national solution.
Most of the missions that the military has engaged in are aimed at fighting against terrorist groups in other nations who compromise the security of Americans and the world in general. The limit of the force used by the US Military on the various operations varies with the intensity of the mission.
Conflict, hunger, destruction, and displacement have become words normally used to describe this part of the continent. One might wonder why they are so often tangling with conflicts. In particular, one might be inclined to believe that the prolonged wars have shaped the society's behaviour to be conflict prone (Daniel).
In addition to ties with other African countries, it has close religious and historical links with the Arab and Islamic world and has a seat in both the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the Arab League. Somalia has a population of approximately six million, including refugees.
War has no ultimate good that comes out of it. State conflicts do not only hinder the economic stability of a nation, but the long-term emotional trauma it could inflict to its people would be more detrimental. The fear, the starvation and the lives wasted always haunt not only the nation to where it is occurring, it affects the whole world in the final analysis. In our present age, Somalia has always been the epitome of poverty.
erished this small country of 9 million people and destroyed its political landscape and has plunged the country into poverty that has encouraged extremity and militancy of all forms, which have fueled the crisis in Somalia for decades on end. With its constituent states in
From their beliefs about the cosmos and human nature, people derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle. This therefore means that people’s worldview is greatly influenced and shaped by their religious beliefs. This
Somalia is not a country like any other and in most ways; it cannot be described as either African or Arab. The country has been plagued by state disintegration and repeated conflicts since independence and in 1991; the US Office of Disaster Assistance described it as “the worst humanitarian disaster in the world” (CJA, 2015).
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