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In this paper, the focus will be on Hepatitis B (HB) as it has been responsible for 600,000 worldwide deaths annually (Wasley et al, 2010).
Like many other diseases, hepatitis B has its cause though this information is often known first by the health practitioners than the patients. As for this disease, a virus called hepatitis B virus, often abbreviated as HBV, causes it. Concerning its transmission methods, HB occurs whenever semen, blood or any other body fluid enters a non-infected person from a patient (CDC, 2015). That is to say, one could contact HB if there is a sharing of injecting equipment such as needles or syringes; sexual relations as well as while giving birth.
It is worth noting that HB has two categories: acute and chronic infection. Acute infection refers to the first time a person realizes to be infected with HB. Often, this stage characterized by mild symptoms and only a few cases of serious illness. In fact, many people, especially adults, tend to recover from this illness with little intervention. Sadly, this is not the case with infants, and many could die even at this stage. If the acute infection is ignore or not treated for at least six months, the inevitable chronic infection materializes.
Regardless of the stage, a person suffering from HB will exhibit various signs and symptoms including dark urine, joint fever, abdominal pain, appetite-loss and nausea or vomiting. In addition, a patient has jaundice and their bowel movement is clay-colored. Unfortunately, patients of chronic HB could be asymptomatic, lack clear liver-disease evidence and suffer from cirrhosis or another kind of liver-cancer called the hepatocellular carcinoma (CDC, 2015). Thus, it is imperative to ensure that once the signs are observed in the acute stage, treatment is sought quickly to avert the more deadly consequences in the chronic stage.
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try of residence. By 2050, one estimate suggests that there will be over 250 million people who are permanent residents of a country other than the one in which they were born (Loue, 2008). With such a large amount of movement in the worldwide distribution of people, it is vital that countries are aware of the risks that immigrants may bring.
further investigation reveals that he has an abnormal liver functions. This paper intends to discuss the potential types of malignancies of the liver and their epidemiology, diagnosis that could explain the findings in the case of this patient, information that can be gained from the liver biopsy and imaging, aetiology and pathogenesis of primary liver cancer, and finally possible prognosis and treatment options for this patient.
Globalisation is seen by many as primarily economic facts involving the increasing interaction or integration of national economic systems through the growth in international trade, investment and capital flow. However, one can also point to a rapid increase in cross-border social, cultural and technological exchange as part of the occurrence of globalisation (Giddens, 1990).
The originality of this research article is quite commendable, and stands above average. This study is the first to be conducted in the National Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria. Previously, evidence that HBV/HIV and HCV/HIV co-infection prevalence was at an increase,
to all infants to prevent infection during childhood and later ages; b) vaccination of adolescents that had not previously received the vaccination; and c) immunization of all adolescents and adults who are at increased risk of being infected (“Hepb” 2013). HBV vaccination
country such as Delaney (2013) argue that irresponsible sexual behavior is the leading cause of spread and infection of Hepatitis B in America, especially in Philadelphia state. For instance, nearly 62% of the Hepatitis B cases diagnosed within the state in 2013 emerged because
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