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In so doing, followers obligate themselves to follow specific tenets as dictated by the religion. Following these tenets requires dedication and sacrifice. Spiritual people are loyal to the religious beliefs and follow them without questions about their reality. Spirituality is related to other terms such as pluralism, scientism, and postmodernism.
Pluralism is a concept that denotes that there is no absolute truth in one line of thought. Essentially, pluralism implies that no worldview is enough to describe solely all the views of the people. In this regard, pluralism requires that every view be taken into consideration. Pluralism is common in government and religion. In religion, pluralism has it that no religion is taken as perfect or the sole source of truth. It should be understood that other beliefs may also contain some truths that may not be accurate in other beliefs. Thus, individual spirituality defines what is true or not.
Scientism is a belief that human beings can find answers to all life questions through scientific research. Scientism asserts that there is no supreme being that can offer real solutions that can be proven. This worldview eliminates the religious or spiritual beliefs since they are not concrete or backed by evidence. It is upon research that points can be proven or disqualified. Scientism is more related to the concept of postmodernism as discussed below.
Postmodernism is a concept that critiques the existing culture, believe and evidence systems. Postmodernism viewpoints are that human beings are not capable of making assertions regarding their origin or fate (Fukuyama et. al, 2014). The postmodern worldview disregards spirituality. In addition, the worldview stipulates that humans have locked themselves in a cage of beliefs and culture that may not be true or beneficial.
The spirituality concept defines how people perceive the world around them and how they solve the day to
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The researcher states that ethics form an important aspect of the responsibilities of a psychologist. However, some challenges like subjectivity on the part of psychologists, challenges in practice and the lack of power to enforce these ethics in the most extreme form affect their effectiveness in attaining the ends for which they were made.
This paper aims to examine whether or not there is an existence of a just war. The Nature of War Regan (1996, p.3) stated that war was natural part of life during the Greek times, and that they intensify “self- interest.” “Right reason” was also said to be one of the “Moral Norm of War” (Regan, 1996, p.10).
It is by being conscious of the authority behind the universal law that most of the ethical problems, deficiencies and inconsistencies can be abridged. The converse is that removing the divine author from human institutions and laws leaves mankind with no accountability.
Moreover, individual perceptions regarding issues such as sexuality, religion or political ideology are based on the worldviews. Consequently, the necessity for worldviews can be compared to “eye glasses” that offer the best prescription in understanding the world.
Even though the period dates back to 10,000 years ago, the happenings of those times illustrate the beginnings of the domestication of nature. As an audience, what is appalling is the lifelong changing innovations that premiered from the virgin lands in Victoria England, through the Europe to the east of the globe, China and Japan (Diamond, Jared and James 84).
The book begins by explaining Christian Theism. Christian Theism has its roots back to the seventeenth century and continues to be prevailing even today. The book then progresses to shoe how ensuing world views, including naturalism, deism, nihilism and existentialism, have developed from Christian Theism and where they have deviated. Sire also sheds light upon their weaknesses and where they have failed.
For instance, terrorism for a long time in the world has been associated with some religious group who have termed the acts as holy war. In the ancient times, the Christians were engaged in a number of wars trying to reclaim their territory and expanding their stake in
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