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In this regard, practitioners are not supposed to give up on a patient unless all the treatment fails. There arises a dilemma on what to do when the patient is not responding to treatment. The ethical dilemma arises on whether to terminate treatment or allow the patient to suffer under futile treatment. Relegating treatment may be a sign of condemning the patient to death while treatment might be painful and of no importance. Thus, the most appropriate decision should be made.
Bioethics principles can be used to chart a way forward in case of a futile treatment dilemma. The principles include autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. The autonomy principle states that conscious patients have a choice to decide termination or continuity of futile treatment. The beneficence principle asserts that medical practitioners must do anything possible to alienate suffering from the patient. The non-maleficence principle explains that nurses should check all procedures to ensure that patients do not suffer from intentional errors and omissions. The justice principle asserts that patients have equal rights to benefit from treatment; new or current. From the principles, the medical practitioners can choose a course of action depending on the
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Briefly if we explain Act Utilitarianism it necessitates that we look to non-moral outcomes of actions as simply a suitable method to put together moral decisions. In fact, act utilitarianism can spotlight on some sort of non-moral good like a suitable objective, the most leading appearance of utilitarian theory guides us to perform in an attempt to achieve the maximum contentment possible (LawAndBioEthics; Utilitarianism; Utilitarianism2).
It’s a quantitative and reductionist view of life as related to the greatest happiness for the largest number of people. It came to be associated with the liberty versus harm principle where as a person’s happiness is subject to whatever doesn’t cause harm for most people.
Though his sales records show mediocre performance, many people working under him have set sales records. In addition, he is considered as a hardworking and loyal employee, and as he is nearing retirement, many people think he deserves the promotion. Another candidate was Rachel, 37, an African-American divorcee mother of two children, who is struggling to make her both ends meet.
There are arguments that an organization has no right to interfere in personal affairs (Losey, 1993). This will be dealt with later in the arguments. However, the complaint from the female staff members on sexual harassment is a matter of concern for the organization which affects several stakeholders.
The actions taken should therefore be influenced only by the expected outcomes and the consequences of the outcomes on the success of the business. In scenario one, the power of technological must be emphasised to understand the powers it presents to both the employees and the employers.
Although all the actions taken are considered to be self-interested actions, an egoist promptly demonstrates that people generally try concealing their decisive motives for the actions and such concealment is normally done for their own self-interest.(Kirkpatrick, 2006)
According to Hinman, L. (September, 2004), ethical egoism suggests that we should always act selfishly. It obligates us that what is proper is to act for our selves only and let others do their own. Psychological egoism asserts that we always act selfishly.
the intrinsic duty to do things which are intrinsically good; the outcomes of what one does is significant, although an individual is obligated to always take the correct action even if it results in the wrong outcomes (Rainbow, 2002).
It judges an individual by his/her
It is currently considered being a consequentialism, although when Anscombe initially introduced that word, it was meant to differentiate between consequentialism and "old-fashioned Utilitarianism". Utilitarianism claims that the moral of actions is
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