The author of this essay explores the PICOT Formula in Evidence-Based Practice. This research is also being carried out to present the PICOT elements and give a report of the history of the actual search of the clinical question in Medline…
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This research will begin with the statement that PICOT refers to a formula that is designed to answer focused clinical questions concerning a given target population or a fundamental issue for nursing research. PICOT was developed to enhance the efforts of establishing an evidence-based practice in nursing. PICOT calls for continued research to improve the body of knowledge and base the current nursing practice on sound scientific research. PICOT will help to maintain the status of nursing as a professional and autonomous career. PICOT is an acronym that is used by clinicians when carrying out clinical research. This method of evidence-based clinical research promotes understanding among the researchers. The letter “p” stands for the study population. The letter “I” refers to the clinical intervention and its variables. The letter “C” is the comparison with a placebo while “O” refers to the outcome of the process after a particular intervention. The letter “T” refers to the time taken for an outcome of a nursing intervention can achieve an objective. In a patient with an abscess that has been recurring for six months, does prophylactic antibiotic treatment, compared to no treatment, reduce the rate of recurrence?
The PICO (T) elements are;
P = Patients with recurrent abscess
I = Prophylactic antibiotic treatment
C = No antibiotic treatment
O = Decline in the high rate of recurrence of the abscess
T = Six months
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2. Farris M, Anderson C, Doty S, Myers C, Johnson K, and Prasad S. Non-OR procedural safety. Health care protocol. Bloomington (MN): Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI); 2012 Sep. 38 p. [4 references]
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