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This paper will discuss a case study that involves a 30-year-old female whose has secondary amenorrhea for six months. Prior to being diagnosed with the disorder, she presented with periods of irregular cycles and dysmenorrhea. Thus, the paper will discuss the pathophysiology of the disorder and it possible causes in relation to irregular cycles and dysmenorrhea.
Amenorrhea is a menstrual disorder that refers to the absence of menstruation in a woman who had been previously having their normal menstrual cycle. Secondary is used to refer to menstruation that had previously occurred at least for some period but stopped for a period of six months or longer due to some reasons. In order for the woman to be diagnosed with secondary amenorrhea, they must miss their menstrual period for a period of at least three to six months without being pregnant (Heiman, 2009). The most significant contributing factors include the use of birth control pills, certain medications and stress that also have been associated to cause dysmenorrhea (painful cramping) and irregular cycles. The most common reason as to why a woman will miss their period is as a result of pregnancy. However, it should be noted that pregnancy, menopause and breastfeeding are not classified as causes of the disorder. Secondary amenorrhea is not harmful to the patients’ health as it can be treated effectively in the majority of the cases according to the pathophysiology. Thus, it is important for the health care practitioner to address the underlying condition causing the menstrual disorder to ensure that optimal health of the woman is regained (Klein & Poth, 2013).
The hypothalamus is involved in generating the gonadotropin-releasing hormones that are responsible for stimulating the pituitary gland to produce the gonadotropins i.e. the Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle- stimulating hormone into the blood stream. These gonadotropins are important in
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A Teenager with Eating Disorder 1. What is the leading cause of death in patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa? According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA) (2006), suicide is the leading cause of death in patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (p.
Both the condition of childlessness and the subsequent fertility treatments are known to cause stress, and it is a well established fact that infertility can abet psychological stress, especially within women (Lalos, 1999). Often it has also been seen that certain environmental factors like various biological, behavioural, physical, chemical, and other socioeconomic elements create an atmosphere of stress that may in turn have an adverse effect on the reproductive health and development of an individual.
The most common disorders are bulimia, anorexia nervosa and binge eating. Eating disorders may also prove to be fatal if proper steps aren’t taken at the right time. All three of them are caused due to bad eating habits which are nowadays common and they affect the patient in the same way initially but the consequences deteriorate and differ as the disorder progresses.
Disordered eating syndromes, which may include use of fad diets, fasting and specialized vitamin formulas, are not classified as eating disorders. (Johnson, 1996)
There are several eating disorders affecting both the physical and emotional health of not only the young generation but the adults as well.
Since the patient is taking oral contraceptive, the health care professionals should determine whether she is purely relying on the use of contraceptive. The use of oral contraceptive is useful only in preventing the risk of
It is appropriate to look at its causes when a female has failed to menstruating by that time. Time gap between thelarche to menarche is 2.5 years for white girls and little higher for black girls. That means if 3 years have gone after thelarche, it is necessary to evaluate
ous reasons such as use of particular types of contraceptives, intensive physical exercises, not having enough to eat, anatomical defects in the genital tract and ovary insufficiency among other reasons (Hayon, et al. 2013).
Adolescence is a confusing period of time when the