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Depression among the old people is a growing global health concern due to the increasing number of old people within the world populace. Despite the disorder being a major mental health problem, little has been done in terms of research studies to uncover the underlying causes, effects, and mental health requirements of the old. Depression among other people especially the young has been extensively studied and documented due its effects that cause major problems to the health wellbeing of people. Little literature from various research studies targeting depression among the old people is a source of valuable knowledge of the nature, causes, and the mental health effects it has on the old people. Systemic review of research articles on depression among the old provides a synthesis of information collected to give an in-depth view of the disorder.
Depression is a state characterized by low moods and hate of activity, which interferes with an individual’s behaviors, feelings, sense of well-being, and general thought process. Depression is one of the major psychiatric disorders that have residual effects on the mental health wellbeing of individuals (Park & Jun, 2013). Depression is characterized by feelings of hate towards activities, loss of memory, cognitive abilities, and general concentration. These lingering symptoms have lasting adverse effects on the mental functionality of an individual. A major problem with the disorder remains the inability of the individuals suffering from the disorder and the people surrounding them to diagnose the disorder. The disorder is more pronounced among the elderly due to the isolation, dependency on others, and failure to diagnose and treat it. Coupled with this is the increased push by governments to cut healthcare costs in the midst of already constrained medical budgets. The elderly therefore face a problem in that healthcare is already unavailable due to financial
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The researcher describes depression as simply as feeling blue, and hence we often come across periods when we are depressed. It is a period when the person feels lonely, angry, there’s anxiety about the situation, the person is sad, does not feel like doing anything, the thoughts can range from being suicidal to being revengeful.
Researchers have produced copious amount of literature in order to highlight the various issues faced by clients suffering from depression and based on the findings covered in the literature, substance abuse is by far the biggest problem that individual suffering from depression experience.
Depression was initially recognized as melancholia disorder, which became common during the ancient or the medieval period. It became well recognized as clinical depression or simply depression and it has been for a long time linked with stress. Depression is among the most widespread psychological diseases affecting many people globally.
The definition of depression has defined differently in different cultures and has been accompanied extreme pain and headaches. The etiological factors of the disease are not well defined, however, there have been some researches linking depression to genetic and epigenetic factors (Beck & Alford, 2009).
We also find these characteristics in depression today (Nestler et al., 2002). As per the estimation and based on epidemiological data 2-5% of U.S. population is suffering from severe form of depression while 20% have mild form of diseases (Eric J. Nestler, 2002).
A general definition of the word as it applies to an emotional state is “a state of feeling sad” (Merriam-Webster 2009). While this commonly accepted definition of depression gives a general impression of the term, the word actually implies a
All smiling faces do not always imply happiness, and the lack of tears does not mean that everything is well. Many people have fallen in the trap of pretending that all is well when actually they know that is not the case. Huge numbers of people across all genders, ages and walks of life are suffering from depression.
However, there are a significant number of social psychological, as well as environmental danger signs for developing depression. In addition, some are certainly predominant in one sexual category or the other, or in