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Cancer patients encounter pain while undergoing their treatment and this may affect them psychologically. Pain is noted to occur to an estimate of 70% of the patients who suffer from advanced cancer. However, research has concluded that there are measures, which can be taken to ensure that the patients manage their pain after treatment. In such cases, the patients are identified as the appraisers of their pain and they are usually encouraged to embark on an active role so that they can effectively manage their pain. A doctor is important in the scenario since they spend time educating the patients and their families on effective measures of minimizing the pain. Cancer patients encounter pain and it prevails based on the emotional context in which it is carried on, Spiegel and Classen (2008). In such cases that involve pain, psychological support is important for individuals especially if the diseases are life threatening.
The psychological distress of cancer patients persists based on the clinical courses of illness such as symptom severity, and poor diagnosis, which usually have an effect of psychological welfare. However, the identification of the disease and its treatment are the major steps in the management of psychological distress of the cancer patients. Psychological support is essential on individuals who encounter psychological stress such as cancer patients. Psychological stress happens when individuals suffer from mental and emotional pressure from different diseases. Psychological stress can be because of the daily activities and upset from health conditions. When individuals feel that they cannot manage the effects of cancer, they become distressed. This has been noted to decrease the life span of the cancer patients. In Rosenbaum (2001), it is evident that distress can occur because of poor clinical outcomes. The clinical guidelines enable the doctors to asses the amount of distress on the patients and
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There is also some consideration of ways to minimise the likelihood of pain becoming a chronic problem, as well as how the pain can be avoided to some extent. Introduction In 2010 the Montreal based “International Pain Summit” declared that “Access to pain management is a fundamental human right’(Johnson, 2012).
2010, 265). The possibility of death, in addition to painful and inflexible treatment that weakens self-worth, and a severe level of fear and sense of vulnerability or helplessness are a good reason for psychosocial assessment (Spiegel & Classen 2000). Once diagnosed with breast cancer, a woman becomes convinced that her life will drastically change.
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Sadness and worry for the future are normal responses, partly because of the meaning attached to cancer, such as the fear of disability or death. In many advanced cancer patients psychological symptoms such as apathy, dependency, irritability, and loss of sleep are very common irrespective of the cancer that the patient is suffering (Garssen, 2004).
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