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This paper also compares and contrasts the roles and responsibilities of the chief executive or key leader for each level.
To understand the differences in leadership and organizational structures at all the levels, it is important to use a specific country as a point of reference, in this case, the US. According to Scutchfield and Keck (2009), there are several organizations at the federal or national level responsible for public health in the US. Some of these include the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Food and Drug Agency (FDA). These national organizations are led by directors. These organizations have analogous arrangements and constitutions. These directors exert massive control at all health activities at the national level. In other words, these individuals are responsible for managing all health activities at the federal level. Subsequently, they support and promote methodical investigations and explorations in regard to health issues of public concern. In addition, these directors establish and uphold effective associations and linkages with other organizations at the national, state, and local levels. It is of significance to assert that these directors take part in creating national health strategies as well in their implementation, and also ensures the competence and efficiency or helpfulness of all health care sectors at the national level.
Branches of health care at this level are structured in a self-governing or autonomous manner and they are a function of the state governments. Leadership varies greatly at all the three levels though they are all involved in providing support for health delivery systems. At the state level, there are key powers accountable for establishing strategies, courses of actions, or guiding principles in relation to health matters, placing precedence on health issues, gathering relevant information as well as scrutinizing it, providing monetary support, and supervising localized actions in relation
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The research investigates the trait approach and skills approach of leadership. The research gives detailed information about Gordon Allport’s trait theory, Eysenck’s three dimensions of personality, the five-factor theory of personality, the core traits and other trait approaches. It also talks about skills approach, its history and three major skills: technical, human and conceptual skills:
Government cannot “produce” it – it can only assist it to produce itself.’ Chanan, 2002 Community development initiatives directed at public health are aimed at enhancing public provision of health services and developing positive health outcomes by establishing frameworks that prevent illnesses (Davies and Kelly, 1993).
According to the report in assessing this type of leadership, it is important to argue that the qualities or traits needed in order to secure strong and effective leadership is supremely debatable. There are some discussions on the qualities which are essential for effective leadership. Effective leadership may not be based on qualities like drive or knowledge.
As the paper declares leadership involves influencing an individual or a group of people towards achievement of goals in a particular situation. Management is the collaborative involvement with individuals or groups in the achievement of the organisational goals. Changes aims to ensure that majority of the human population access to public health care.
According to Baggot ,public health is “the art and science of controlling disease, lengthening life and advancing health through the planned efforts and informed decisions of community, organizations, private and public, individuals and communities” (Baggott, 2000).These activities are the core of what practitioners of public health do in the United Kingdom.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Public Health World Health Organization (WHO) is a department within the United Nations that deals with coordinating and directing matters that concern health. Current responsibilities range from, shaping the health research agenda, providing leadership on global health matters, setting standards and norms, provision of technical support to countries, articulating evidence based policy options and assessing health trends as well as monitoring them.
It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death” (CDC, 2012, par. 1). Accordingly, the best and most appropriate way to prevent flu is to be immunized through vaccinations. With more influenza viruses being discovered and having afflicting more people worldwide, national and international health agencies have been promoting the need for influenza immunizations to protect those at risk from these viruses.
The nurse must play the role of care provider, advocate, educator, manager and collaborator in provision of high quality health care to the population. Community health nurses roles in planning, intervention and evaluation Introduction Community health nursing entails preventing diseases, prolonging life, promoting health and preventing of the communicable diseases through advocating for personal hygiene, organizing the diagnosis and nursing services (Carroll, 2004).