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In the above case study, the general well-being of the fetus can be assessed by getting its heart rate and respiratory rate and know if it is in distress or not. Ultrasound is a very important tool in diagnosing various conditions in obstetrics (Cameron & Moran, 2009).
In relation to the case study provided the fundal height was found midway between the umbilicus andpubis symphysis which should be under the umbilicus based on LMP. However, various factors impact the correct interpretation of MSAFP results. These include: gestational age, maternal weight, ethnicity, maternal diabetes mellitus, fetal viability, exclusion of other anomalies, and multiple pregnancy (Cameron & Moran, 2009). Normally, AFP is produced by the york sac, gastrointestinal system and the liver in a fetus (Androutsopoulos, Gkogkos & Decavalas, 2013). Any increase in its level is always indicative of a problem in that area. (Androutsopoulos, Gkogkos & Decavalas, 2013) In the results provided in the case study, the doctor should conduct further tests based on abnormal findings from the fundal height examination and the AFP (Androutsopoulos, Gkogkos & Decavalas, 2013).
Androutsopoulos, G., Gkogkos, P., & Decavalas, G. (2013). Mid-trimester maternal serum hCG and alpha fetal protein levels: Clinical significance and prediction of adverse pregnancy outcome. International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 11(2),
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One of the most critical of these stages is the young adulthood phase since this is the time when a lot of decisions that will determine how a person’s life will eventually turn out to be are made. Young adults range between the age of 18 to 35 years, and this section of the paper will discuss some of the phases that they go through in their development and decisions that they have to contend with.
Women’s Prenatal Care Policies. Prenatal care refers to the proper maintenance of a healthy pregnancy before the delivery of a child. In the United States, the government promotes a healthy pregnancy, as it is one of the best ways of promoting a healthy birth.
"Prenatal exposure to harmful substances, including substances of abuse, such as alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, can damage the developing fetus and have long term effects Four factors determine the result of exposure to a substance: (1) dosage and duration of exposure, (2) nature of the substance, (3) timing of exposure, and (4) the constitution of the individual exposed." (Sloboda and Bukoski, p 330).
The findings of this research study illuminate the very real dangers of drug use in the prenatal context.
The specific purpose of this study was to "assess effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and quality of caregiving environment on 4-year cognitive outcomes" (Arendt & Farkas et al, 2004: p.
on is unethical” whereas the minor premise is that “prenatal and cosmetic genetic modification can make children or people in general become less unique as human beings”. Therefore, any person who practice of prenatal and cosmetic genetic modification is
However, clinical categorization of fetal development result into stages based on the trimester, which is divided into three each comprising of 3 months each.
During the first few weeks following implantation of the
The religion is followed by over 900 million people of India and Nepal. To understand more about Hinduism – its rituals, beliefs, and value system, I chose an auspicious day of Maha Shivratri (a great spiritual night)