This research essay “Infection Control” applies both qualitative and quantitative methods to justify the effectiveness of hand hygiene in controlling infections. The research sampled relevant materials written between 2004 and 2012…
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These infections cause many deaths with thousand others suffering from poor health. Schneider, et al. (2009) observes that having sound measures for controlling infections help to significantly reduce the spread of both minor and major infections hence reducing suffering, mortality and morbidity rates. Maintaining proper hand hygiene is one of the world governments’ the simplest and single least-expensive way of reducing prevalence of many infections. According to WTO (2012), every individual must embrace behavioural change. The health fraternity should also join the board by encouraging the public to actively comply with the stipulated infection-control practices. Further, the government is also contributing through the provision of high quality, safe and reliable care. Hand hygiene according to Erasmus, et al. (2009), is a simple, but high-impact intervention that helps in prevention and control of some of the fore mentioned infections. Infection control, therefore, remains one of the world governments’ agenda for reducing morbidity and mortality rates. Various infections control management systems have been put in place to assess and control infections, maintain appropriate clean environment and educate individuals on how to avoid preventable diseases. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the practice of hand washing virtually eliminates the majority of infections through contact. Increased compliance in hand hygiene practice was found to considerably reduce infection rates.
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While some of these inhabit hot temperature places, others would only survive in ice cold conditions; while others survive with oxygen, others do not need oxygen for survival. According to McKinley Health Centre (2008), the micro organism that causes tuberculosis is referred to as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death.As the cost of treatment also increases,the hospital acquired infections are actually a burden on the government as well.The extended stay of the patient results in the loss of work thereby depleting his/her financial resources.
This issue may result to increased morbidity and mortality among patients. It may also prolong hospital stay which adds to the patient’s medical expenses (NSW Health, 2007: 3). Multi-resistant organisms (MRO) are bacteria that are resistant to a number of antimicrobial drugs such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant (VRE) (The Children’s Hospital at Westmead & Sydney Children’s Hospital.
People thought that he was implying the need to take actions to maintain optimum health. These days, this maxim may not only be deemed applicable to well-rounded individuals; it may also pertain to people who are already inflicted with disease. When a person is already sick, prevention of healthcare-associated infection is as important as curing the illness.
The National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) outlines guidelines related to the national specifications of cleanliness in NHS, which is a framework for measuring and setting performance results in all dental care and primary medical premises (NHS, 2010). This research involved qualitative analysis of studies related to infection prevention and control in healthcare across Britain.
It is also important to identify the risks associated with healthcare, and the hospital management system must implement processes to minimise adverse events and their impacts related to buildings, grounds, occupants, and internal physical safety systems.
The medical fraternity including doctors and other support staff are supposed to take adequate precaution while dealing with infection related issues. Infection control is considered a topical issue amongst the practitioners and the media. When the poor hygiene issues of a hospital are highlighted by the media, it results in drop in its credibility and patients try their best not to utilise the services of such hospitals.